引用本文:郭宇峰,李军,张小军,金雷.舟山水产加工业现状及经济发展思路的探讨[J].农业科研经济管理,2018,(4):42-46
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舟山水产加工业现状及经济发展思路的探讨
郭宇峰1, 李军1, 张小军2, 金雷2
1.浙江新泰水产有限公司,舟山316021;2.浙江省海洋水产研究所,舟山316021
摘要:
文章利用舟山水产品加工业2011—2016年相关统计数据,从水产加工总量、经济总产值、进出口贸易额和高低值加工品种比重4个方面进行了详细分析。结果表明,舟山水产品加工业发展呈现以下现状和特点: (1)加工比重稳步增长,经济地位逐步提高; (2)加工经济产值不断增长,转型效应日益增强; (3)出口贸易市场稳定,进口贸易逐渐减少; (4)以低值冷冻加工为主,高值精深加工发展势头良好。另外,还阐述了舟山市水产品加工业的发展瓶颈与制约条件。最后通过探索和研究,提出了水产品加工经济发展新路及建议:大力发展水产品精深加工,提高自主创新能力; 实施品牌经济价值提升工程,培育龙头企业; 立足新区建设,不断优化发展环境;构筑质量管理体系,打破贸易壁垒;积极发展水产电子商务,促进互联网+快速发展。
关键词:  舟山 水产品加工业 发展现状 发展瓶颈 经济发展新路
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DISCUSSION ON THE PRESENT SITUATION OF AQUACULTURE PROCESSING INDUSTRY AND THE NEW WAY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN ZHOUSHAN
Guo Yufeng1, Li Ju1, Zhang Xiaojun2, Jin Lei2
1.Zhejiang Xintai aquatic products Co. Ltd., Zhoushan, 316021,China;2.Marine Fishery Research Institute, Zhoushan, Zhejiang, 316100,China
Abstract:
Based on the relevant statistical data of Zhoushan aquatic product processing industry from 2011 to 2016, this study conducted a detailed analysis on the total amount of aquatic product processing, economic output value, import and export volume and the proportion of high and low value processed varieties from four aspects. The results showed that the development of Zhoushan aquatic product processing industry presented the following status and characteristics. (1)The proportion of processing increased steadily and the economic status increased gradually. (2)The output value of processing economy keeped increasing, and the transformation effect was increasingly strengthened. (3)The export trade market was stable and the import trade was decreasing gradually. (4)Low value freezing processing was the main method, and high value deep processing had a good development momentum. In addition, the development bottleneck and restrictive conditions of Zhoushan aquatic product processing industry were expounded. Finally, through exploration and research, the author put forward the ideas and suggestions for the development of aquatic product processing economy,vigorously develop ed the intensive processing of aquatic products, improved the ability of independent innovation,implemented brand economic value improvement project and cultivated leading enterprises,constantly optimized the development environment based on the construction of new areas,builded quality management system and broke down trade barriers.We would actively develop e-commerce for aquatic products and promote the rapid development of the Internet plus.
Key words:  Zhoushan; aquatic product processing industry; current situation; development bottlenecks;thoughts on economic development