地和水资源协调水平。【结果 / 结论】湖北省耕地和水资源在空间上协调水平较高，但省内
|Study on spatial matching of cultivated land with water resource inHubei province
Liu Yizhu1, Li Qing2
1.Hubei Research Institute of Land Resource，Wuhan，430070，China;2.The College of Urban & Environmental
Sciences，Central China Normal University，Hubei Wuhan，430070，China
|［Purpose］Spatial homogeneous level of water vs cropland is very important for
agricultural and resource management and policy making.Hubei Province，which locates in
the very central of China and plays an important role on water conservation and food production
of the country，hasn’t been studied on the topic.［Method］.In order to give advises on
provincial resource management and planning businesses，R，Gini efficiency and meteorological
observation data during “the 13 th Five Year” （2011—2015） were used for discussing the spatial
concordance between water and croplands from qualitative and quantitative aspect，respectively.
［Result/Conclusion］.The results suggested that Hubei Province is definitely perform well on its
spatial concordance between water and cropland.the total volumes of the province and the cities it
belongs to were enough for agricultural use.However，crops with high irrigation need were still call
for more attention as well as the locations with relatively low precipitation，especially in dry years.
The study also noticed the shortages of the method used in this study，such as （1）scale effect，the
scales of study area and basic unit both effect the result of R and Gini，（2）describing dynamic
trend，and （3） giving suggestion in the text of climate change with more frequent extreme and sudden
weathers. Meanwhile，we deem that agricultural water management shouldn’t be considered out of
the comprehensive context of macro-control on actual or virtual flows.Understanding the effects results
from great water projects，the allocation plan on sharing with other water consuming industrials，high
efficiency use and problems on water are all calling for further discussion.
|Key words: water，cropland，spatial concordance，Hubei province