引用本文:王路路,刘欣超,吴汝群,辛晓平,田莉,邵长亮.LCA研究方法及其在农业中的应用潜力分析[J].中国农业信息,2021,(3):13-23
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LCA研究方法及其在农业中的应用潜力分析
王路路1,刘欣超1,2,吴汝群3,辛晓平1,田莉4,邵长亮1
1.中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京100081;2.内蒙古农牧业科学院,呼和浩特 010031;3.中国深圳可持续发展有限公司,深圳 518000;4.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
摘要:
【目的 】 生命周期评价(Life cycle assessment,LCA)方法是目前评价产品生产或服务过程环境影响的重要工具,逐渐被应用于农业研究中。文章通过介绍该方法,综述目前生命周期评价软件和数据库的发展情况,分析该方法在农业生产碳核算中的应用潜力,为我国农业碳减排和可持续发展提供技术支持。 【方法 】 该文通过数据库文献检索和网络数据资料收集,从多角度对生命周期评价的发展现状进行介绍。 【结果 】 目前我国在LCA方法及LCA在农业中的研究应用中取得一定成果,填补LCA软件和数据库的空白,但LCA在农业上有广阔的应用前景,仍需进一步深入发展研究。 【结论 】 后续工作应继续完善我国LCA基础数据库,收集并补充我国相关数据,加强本地化软件工具的研发,继续推动LCA在农业层面的发展应用,建立符合我国国情的环境影响评价体系。
关键词:  生命周期评价  农业  软件  数据库
DOI:10.12105/j.issn.1672-0423.20210302
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金委面上项目(41771205,31870466);中科吉安生态环境研究院院长基金(ZJIEES-2020-06);国家自然科学基金委地区项目(32060278)
Analysis of LCA research method and its application potential in agricultural carbon accounting
Wang Lulu1, Liu Xinchao1,2, Wu Ruqun3, Xin Xiaoping1, Tian Li4, Shao Changliang1
1.Institute of Agricultural Resources and Agricultural Regional Planning,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081,china;2.Inner Mongolia Academy of Agricultural & Animal Husbandry Sciences,Hohhot 010031,China;3.China Shenzhen Sustainable Development Co.,Ltd.Shenzhen 518000,China;4.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
Abstract:
[ Purpose ] The life cycle assessment(LCA)method is currently an important tool for evaluating the environmental impact of the product production or service process,and it is gradually getting more applications in agricultural research. Our study introduces this method,reviews the current development of life cycle assessment software and databases,analyzes the application potential of this method in agricultural production carbon accounting,and provides technical support for our country’s agricultural carbon emission reduction and sustainable development.[Method ] Our study introduces the development status of life cycle assessment from multiple perspectives through database literature retrieval and network data collection.[Result ] The results showed that:at present,our country has achieved some outcomes in the research and application of LCA methods and LCA in agriculture,which filling the gaps in LCA software and databases. However,the LCA has broad application prospects in agriculture,and further research needs to be further developed.[Conclusion ] Follow-up work should continue to complete our country’s LCA basic database,collect and supplement country's relevant data,strengthen the research and development of localized software tools,continue to promote the development and application of LCA at the agricultural level,and establish an environmental impact assessment system in line with our country’s national conditions.
Key words:  life cycle assessment  agriculture  software  database