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基于中国知网和Web of Science的无人机文献计量学分析
朱月平, 刘仕元, 陈婷婷, 王鑫悦, 曾瑞儿, 王蕾迪, 漆海霞, 兰玉彬, 张雷
华南农业大学
摘要:
【目的】通过文献计量学的方法,对无人机发展近况进行研究。【方法】在中国知网(CNKI)和Web of science两大数据库平台上对无人机相关文献进行检索,利用两个平台自带的功能,以文献分析软件CiteSpace为辅助,对两平台的无人机相关文献发表量、作者国籍、被引量、发表机构、研究方向、研究热点和无人机机型进行文献计量学分析。【结果】两平台发文量变化趋势相似;Web of science上发文作者国籍中国和美国占比最大,且美国作者的被引次数比中国多;CNKI上中国航空院校的发文量最大,Web of science上前十发文机构均被中国和美国所占据;研究方向上CNKI上以航空航天科学与工程的发文量最高占比44%,而Web of science上工程学的文章数量占比最大为55%;遥感、测绘、无人机在农业上的应用和四旋翼无人机在2个平台上均是目前的研究热点,且国内对固定翼无人机和无人直升机的研究较少。【结论】国内外对于无人机的研究上升迅速,且主要以中国和美国为主。中国应紧跟国际研究热点,继续加大无人机研究深度,特别是固定翼无人机和无人直升机,巩固我国无人机行业在国际上的地位。
关键词:  无人机;文献计量学;CNKI;Web of Science
DOI:
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基金项目:国家重点研发计划((2018YFD1000906);广东省重点领域研发计划项目(2019B020214003);广东省花生大豆产业技术体系创新团队(2019KJ136-05)
Bibliometrics study of UAV based on CNKI and Web of Science
zhu yueping, Liu Shiyuan, Chen Tingting, Wang xinyue, Zeng Ruier, Wang Leidi, Qi Haixia, Lan Yubin, zhang lei
South China Agricultural University
Abstract:
[Purpose]The recent development of UAV is investigated through the method of bibliometrics. [Method] The literature, author's nationality, cited quantity, publishing institution, research direction, research hotspots and UAV models of the UAV related publications, which were searched from two databases China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI)and Web of science, were analyzed in a bibliometrics way through using literature analysis software – CiteSpace. [Result] The published article amount of UAV related literatures were similar in both CNKI and Web of science. The articles which published by China authors were more than that by USA author. But the citation of the published article in USA were more frequency than that published by China. The numbers of the published article were mainly in the Aviation universities on CNKI. And the top ten institutions which publishing UAV related literatures were located in China and USA. In the research direction, the number of aerospace science and engineering related articles account the highest proportion of 44% in CNKI, and the number of engineering articles accounts for a maximum of 55% on web of science. Remote sensing, surveying, mapping, the application of drones in agriculture, and quadrotor drones on both platforms are currently hot research topics, and there are few studies on fixed-wing drones and unmanned helicopters in domestic. [Conclusion] The research on drones at home and abroad has risen rapidly, and mainly distributed in China and the United States. China should keep up with international research hotspots and continue to increase the depth of UAV research, especially in fixed-wing UAVs and unmanned helicopters, and consolidate China's international position in the UAV industry.
Key words:  UAV; bibliometrics; CNKI; Web of science