引用本文:孙 宁,李存军,张 骞,王艾萌,淮贺举※.国内外现代农业园区发展进程及经验借鉴[J].中国农业信息,2019,31(3):27-38
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国内外现代农业园区发展进程及经验借鉴
孙 宁, 李存军, 张 骞, 王艾萌, 淮贺举※
北京农业信息技术研究中心,北京100097
摘要:
【目的】总结国内外现代农业园区的成功经验,为解决我国现代农业园区发展过程中存在的融资方式单一、运行管理不完善、技术支撑能力差和示范带动效果弱等问题提供解决思路。【方法】从发展模式、政策法规、科技支撑、典型案例等多个角度分析了美国、德国、荷兰、日本等国家现代农业园区发展历程,总结各国丰富的建园经验和完善的配套体系,并与我国现代农业园区的发展进行对比分析。【结果】(1)美国、德国、荷兰和日本现代农业园发展处于领先地位,已经形成科学的发展理论和完善的服务体系;(2)我国现代农业园区起步较晚但发展速度快,可通过学习国外农业园发展经验进一步推进我国现代农业园建设与推广。【结论】我国现代农业园建设与发展重点为:(1)丰富以政府为主导的多元化投资渠道,完善园区建设与发展的优惠政策;(2)因地制宜制定建园目标,明确园区功能定位;(3)产学研一体化发展,强化科技创新支撑体系;(4)加强园区宏观管理,完善公共服务体系;(5)依附龙头企业建立特色产业,强化产业化经营理念;(6)全方位拓展园区经营方式,扩大和丰富盈利模式,为进一步完善我国现代农业园区建设、管理、发展和推广提供一定的参考与借鉴。
关键词:  国内外  现代农业园区  发展进程
DOI:10.12105/j.issn.1672-0423.20190303
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0300201)
The development process of modern agricultural parks of China and foreign countries and its experience
Sun Ning, Li Cunjun, Zhang Qian, Wang Aimeng, Huai Heju※
Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture,Beijing 100097,China
Abstract:
[Purpose]The purpose of this study is to solve the problems in the development of modern agricultural parks of China,and to promote the further development of modern agricultural parks.[Method]This paper analyzes the development history of modern agricultural parks in the United States,Germany,the Netherlands,and Japan,and make some suggestions for China’s development:[Result](1)The development of modern agricultural parks in the United States,Germany,the Netherlands and Japan is in a leading position,and has formed a scientific development theory and a sound service system;(2)China’s modern agricultural park started late but develops rapidly,and can learn from foreign agriculture. The development experience of the park further promotes the construction and promotion of modern agricultural parks in China. [Conclusion]Under the new era,the focus of the construction and development of China’s modern agricultural parks are:First,to enrich the diversified investment channels led by the government,improve the preferential policies for the construction and development of the park;second,to formulate the goal of building the park according to local conditions,and to clarify the functional orientation of the park;third,to integrate the development of production,education and research,to strengthen the support system for scientific and technological innovation and to strengthen the macro management of the park and improve the public service system;Fifth,to rely on the leading enterprises to establish the characteristic industries and to strengthen the concept of industrialization;sixth,to expand the operation mode of the park in an all-round way,and to expand and enrich the profit model,expect to provide reference for further improvement of the construction,management and promotion of modern agricultural parks in China.
Key words:  domestic and foreign  modern agricultural park  development process