引用本文:曹靖,宋娇红,王冰.农业水肥一体化智能灌溉控制系统开发与应用[J].中国农业信息,2019,31(6):116-122
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农业水肥一体化智能灌溉控制系统开发与应用
曹靖, 宋娇红, 王冰
腾色智能科技(南京)有限公司,江苏南京211100
摘要:
【目的】以物联网技术为支撑的水肥一体化智能灌溉控制是农业灌溉中节约水资源、省工、智能控制和提高水肥利用效率的重要方法。【方法】文章基于智能控制、传感器、无线自组网等物联网信息技术,针对传统农业灌溉面临的诸多问题,开发应用于农业水肥一体化管理的智能灌溉控制系统。该系统主要包含控制系统、水肥混合系统、水肥灌溉系统以及数据采集和分析系统,其中控制系统为工作人员提供了移动终端应用和远程用户终端系统2种终端作业管理系统来实现远程灌溉控制操作。【结果】该智能灌溉控制系统在浙江金华的香榧种植区进行了示范应用,结果表明该系统能够适用于复杂地形,使用过程中无需布线,无需外接电源,通过装置间自组网,可以实现大面积灌溉控制。【结论】智能灌溉控制系统操作方便、控制灵敏度较高,能够实现远程控制、省工、便捷的目的,有效提高了农业水肥一体化智能灌溉的控制水平,具有一定的应用前景和推广价值
关键词:  智能灌溉;水肥一体化;节水;节肥;远程控制;自组网
DOI:10.12105/j.issn.1672-0423.20190612
分类号:
基金项目:科技部科技基础性工作专项 (2012FY112100,2006FY120200);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(1610132019028);国家自然科学基金项目(31572208)
Development and application of intelligent irrigation control system in agricultural water and fertilizer integration
Cao Jing, Song Jiaohong, Wang Bing
Tengse Intelligent Technology(Nanjing)Co.,Ltd.,Nanjing 211100,China
Abstract:
[Purpose]The integrated intelligent irrigation control of water and fertilizer based on Internet of Things technology is an important method to save water and labor,to provide intelligent control and to improve the efficiency of water and fertilizer utilization in agricultural irrigation.[Method]Based on the information technology of Internet of Things such as intelligent control,sensors and wireless ad hoc network,this paper develops an intelligent irrigation control system applied to the integrated management of agricultural water and fertilizer to solve problems of traditional agricultural irrigation. The system mainly includes a control system,a water and fertilizer mixing system,a water and fertilizer irrigation system and a data acquisition and analysis system. The control system provides two patterns of terminal operation software system such as APP and desktop system for workers to realize remote irrigation control. [Result]The intelligent irrigation control system has been applied in Chinese Torreya planting area of Jinhua,Zhejiang Province. The results show that the system can be applied to complex terrain without wiring and external power supply. Large area irrigation control can be realized by self-organizing network between devices. [Conclusion]The intelligent irrigation control system has the advantages of convenient operation and high control sensitivity,which can realize the purpose of remote control,labor saving and convenience. It improves the control level of agricultural water and fertilizer integrated intelligent irrigation,and has a certain application prospect and promotion value.
Key words:  intelligent irrigation;water and fertilizer integration;water saving;fertilizer saving; remote control;Ad-Hoc Network