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引用本文:张燕.中部四省农民人均纯收入的区域时空差异研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2017,38(10):107~111
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中部四省农民人均纯收入的区域时空差异研究
张燕
郑州财经学院,河南郑州450000
摘要:
[目的]“三农”问题的核心是农民收入问题,农民持续稳定增收直接影响国民经济的发展和社会稳定,解决农民增收有助于推动农业和农村经济的快速发展。[方法]通过文献查阅法了解中部地区农民人均纯收入及构成已有的研究成果,进而结合定量分析法和比较分析法从区域角度和时间角度对中部地区农民人均纯收入及构成进行比较分析,探讨其差异特征及形成的原因。[结果]中部地区农民人均纯收入及构成呈逐年增加的趋势,但整体上看农民人均纯收入低于全国水平,其中江西省和湖北省农民人均纯收入持平,高于河南省和山西省。农民人均纯收入构成比重随时间的延长发展改变,其中家庭经营纯收入比重逐年下降,河南省和湖北省的家庭经营纯收入的比重高于山西省和江西省,河南省和山西省的工资性收入比重呈逐年增加的趋势,而湖北省和江西省的工资性收入比重变化幅度不大。[结论]通过分析中部地区农民人均纯收入及构成的区域差异及形成原因,为发展和提高中部地区农民收入提供一定的参考意见。
关键词:  农民人均纯收入 收入构成 区域 时空 中部地区
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20171015
分类号:F323.8
基金项目:2015年河南省教育厅教育技术装备和实践教育研究一般课题“‘互联网+’背景下投资学专业实践课程设置研究”(GZS331)
STUDY ON REGIONAL SPATIOTEMPORAL DIFFERENCE OF THE PER CAPITA NET INCOME OF FARMERS IN THE CENTRAL REGION
Zhang Yan
Zhengzhou Institute of Finance and Economics, Zhengzhou, Henan 450000,China
Abstract:
The problems of agriculture, rural areas and farmers are the core of farmers′ income, a steady increase in rural incomes directly influences the development of national economy and social stability. To solve the farmers′ income will help to promote the rapid development of agriculture and rural economy. Through the method of consulting literature materials, understanding of the central region of per capita net income of farmers and the composition of the existing research results, and then combined with the quantitative analysis and comparative analysis, this paper discussed the features and formation reason of the income difference. The results showed that the per capita net income of farmers in central region increased year by year, but the overall per capita net income of farmers was below the national average. The per capita net income of farmers in Jiangxi province and Hubei province was higher than that in Henan province and Shanxi province. The proportion of the net income of household operation declined year by year, the proportion of the net income of household operation in Henan province and Hubei province was higher than that in Jiangxi province and Shanxi Province. The proportion of wage income increased year by year. The analysis of per capita net income of farmers and regional differences can provide some reference for developing and improving the farmers′ income in central region.
Key words:  the per capita net income of farmers  income structure  area  time and space  the central region
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