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引用本文:黄浩伦,麦雄俊,黄慧德.我国海南黄花梨资源与开发研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2018,39(9):123~129
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我国海南黄花梨资源与开发研究
黄浩伦, 麦雄俊, 黄慧德
中国热带农业科学院科技信息研究所,海南海口571101
摘要:
[目的]海南黄花梨列为国家保护的濒危树种,是热带珍贵树种,木材资源稀少,材质好。为开发海南黄花梨资源,发展经济效益较高的海南黄花梨种植业。[方法]文章论述了海南黄花梨的生长条件和分布情况,并对海南黄花梨资源匮乏因素和海南黄花梨资源开发可行性进行分析。[结果]认为海南黄花梨种植开发前景好,可持续提升乡村绿色经济,经济效益显著,可广泛种植于我国海南、广西、广东、云南、福建、贵州等热带亚热带地区。[结论]建议我国热带亚热带地区结合立地环境实际,科学规划种植海南黄花梨,利用坡地、荒地、零星土地、边角地和房前屋后地,农村村间道路,园林绿化、小公园、小游乐园的绿化地带开发种植海南黄花梨,造就具有地方特色的海南黄花梨经济发展带及景色和景点,增加林木经济资源,增添农村绿色财富。同时,营造全民爱花梨的良好社会舆论氛围,加强海南黄花梨保护,为海南黄花梨发展提供法治保障。
关键词:  海南黄花梨资源木材开发分析
DOI:
分类号:S-9
基金项目:中央级基本科研业务费:海南、云南热带特色农业发展趋势与规划布局研究(1630072018005); 海南省应用技术研发与示范推广专项“花梨木工艺品开发研究”(ZDXM2014101)
RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH OF HAINAN YELLOW PEAR IN CHINA
Huang Haolun, Mai Xiongjun, Huang Huide
Institute of Science and Technology Information, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Haikou, 571101,China
Abstract:
Hainan yellow pear is a precious tropical tree which is listed as an endangered tree species protected by the state. The wood resources are scarce and the materials are good. In order to develop hainan yellow pear resources and develop the planting industry with higher economic benefits, this paper discussed the growth conditions and distribution of Hainan yellow pear and it also analyzed the resource shortage of Hainan yellow pear and the feasibility of the development of Hainan yellow pear resources. It was believed that the cultivation and development prospect of Hainan yellow pear was good, and the rural green economy can be promoted sustainably with remarkable economic benefits. Hainan yellow pear could be widely cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions, such as Hainan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Yunnan, Fujian, Guizhou, and so on. In the tropical and subtropical regions of China, it is suggested that to plant Hainan yellow pear scientifically combining with the practical environment of the site, mading good use of slope land, wasteland, scattered land, farmers courtyard, rural village roads, the sides of farmers, the landscaping and the greenbelt of the small park and amusement park to cultivate Hainan huanghua pear. It made the economic development zone and the scenic spot of yellow pear with local characteristic, and it also increased forest economic resources and rural green wealth. At the same time, it was suggested create a good social public opinion atmosphere for the whole people to love the pear, strengthen the protection of yellow pear, and provide the rule of law guarantee for the development of yellow pear in Hainan. Meanwhile, it needed to create a good atmosphere of public opinion, strengthen the protection of Hainan yellow pear, and provide legal guarantee for the development of Hainan yellow pear.
Key words:  Hainan yellow pear  resources  the wood  development  analysis
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