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引用本文:朱万春,廖军华.贵州省农业生态旅游地理优势及区域特征分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2018,39(9):304~308
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贵州省农业生态旅游地理优势及区域特征分析
朱万春1, 廖军华2
1.贵州民族大学继续教育学院,贵阳550025;2.贵州民族大学旅游与航空服务学院,贵阳550025
摘要:
[目的]贵州是生态旅游大省,大力发展农业生态旅游有助于加快扶贫速度和保障社会经济持续发展。[方法]通过比较分析法与实地调查法分析贵州省农业生态旅游的地理优势,结合极值比率、密度系数及变异系数分析其区域特征。[结果]贵州省的高速公路发展迅速,且263%的农业生态旅游景点分布在距离高速公路的1~3km处,同时自然保护区、国家森林公园、特有的喀斯特地形特征及丰富的水资源等融合少数民族文化或红色文化资源组成特有的贵州农业生态旅游。贵州省不同区域农业生态旅游的极值比率在340~750之间波动,黔西北地区的农业生态旅游差异最明显。密度指数在250~530之间波动,黔东北地区的旅游人数在贵州省最多。变异系数在100~160之间波动,黔东南的农业生态旅游收入在贵州省最高。[结论]贵州省农业生态旅游在地理位置上有显著的优势,且在区域间存在差异,今后应注意各区域的协调发展,并基于当地旅游优势发展适宜的农业生态旅游模式,以实现经济、社会、旅游的共同发展。
关键词:  农业生态旅游地理优势区域特征定量分析贵州省
DOI:
分类号:F592.7; X171.1
基金项目:贵州省软科学项目“基于G1—DEMATEL的民族地区旅游精准扶贫影响因素识别研究”(黔科合基础[2016]1526-1)
ANALYSIS ON GEOGRAPHIC ADVANTAGES AND REGIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL ECOTOURISM IN GUIZHOU PROVINCE
Zhu Wanchun1, Liao Junhua2
1.Guizhou Minzu University, School of Continuing Education, Guiyang, Guizhou 550025, China;2.Guizhou Minzu University,Tourism and Air Service College ,Guiyang, Guizhou 550025, China
Abstract:
Guizhou is a major province of eco tourism. Energetically developing agricultural eco tourism will help to accelerate poverty alleviation and ensure the sustainable development of the social economy. The geographical advantages of agricultural ecotourism in Guizhou province were analyzed through comparative analysis and field investigation, and the regional characteristics were analyzed by combining the extreme ratio, density coefficient and coefficient of variation. The rapid development of highways and 26.3% of the agricultural eco tourism attractions were located 1000 ~ 3000m away from the highway, at the same time natural reserves, national forest parks, unique karst topography features and rich water resources and other integrated minority cultural and red cultural resources constituted the unique Guizhou agricultural eco tourism. The extreme ratio of agricultural eco tourism in different regions fluctuated from 3.40 to 7.50, and the difference in agro ecological tourism in Northwest Yunnan was the most obvious. The density index fluctuated between 2.50 to 5.30, and the number of tourists in northeastern Yunnan was the highest in Guizhou. The coefficient of variation fluctuated from 1.00 to 1.60, and the revenue from agro ecological tourism in southeastern Guizhou was the highest. Guizhou′s agricultural eco tourism had significant geographical advantages, and there were differences between regions. In the future, attention should be paid to the coordinated development of each region, and based on the advantages of local tourism, develop a suitable model of agricultural eco tourism to achieve economic, social, and tourism coordinated development.
Key words:  agricultural ecotourism  geographic advantages  regional characteristics  quantitative analysis  Guizhou province
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