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引用本文:孟旭彤,宋川.河北省北部山区农村生态环境治理及绩效评价[J].中国农业资源与区划,2018,39(10):57~61
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河北省北部山区农村生态环境治理及绩效评价
孟旭彤1, 宋川2
1.保定广播电视大学,河北保定071000;2.河北广播电视大学,石家庄050071
摘要:
[目的]农村生态环境是一个复杂的系统,严重的生态环境问题制约着农村经济的发展以及新农村建设,探讨其治理和绩效,有利于解决生态环境建设中的各种问题,对于区域发展具有重要的理论和实践意义。[方法]文章通过构建农村生态环境治理及绩效评价指标体系,采用层次分析法确定各个指标的权重以及灰色关联法分析各指标间的灰色关联度。[结果]河北省北部山区农村生态环境治理绩效评价指标体系要素层中权重值大小依次为生态经济(0483 9)、生态环境(0273 6)、生态人居(0137 1)、生态保护(0105 4),说明该地区农村经济水平已达到一定水平,但生态环境、生态保护等仍有待提高。灰色关联法计算结果表明河北省北部山区生态环境中关联系数最高的是畜禽粪便处理率(0754),生态经济中关联系数最高的是农民人均纯收入(0624),生态保护中关联系数最高的是化肥施用量(0846),生态人居中关联系数最高的是饮用水合格率(0682),而关联度大小依次为生态保护(0724)、生态环境(0662)、生态人居(0573)、生态经济(0543),说明该地区生态环境治理仍有很大空间。[结论]研究结果指出河北省北部山区农村生态环境治理的不足,为进一步完善区域生态环境具有重要的指导意义。
关键词:  农村生态环境层次分析法灰色关联法评价河北省北部山区
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:河北省科技厅课题“河北省北部山区新农村建设中环境污染问题的政策与法律研究”(16454208D)
RURAL ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION IN NORTHERN MOUNTAINOUS AREAS OF HEBEI PROVINCE
Meng Xutong1, Song Chuan2
1.Baoding Radio and Television University,Baoding,Hebei 071000, China;2.Hebei Radio and Television University,Shi jiazhuang,Hebei 050071, China
Abstract:
Rural ecological environment is a complex system. Serious ecological environmental problems restrict the development of rural economy and the construction of new countryside, discuss its governance and performance, help to solve various problems in the construction of ecological environment, and have important theories for regional development and practical significance.By constructing a rural ecological environment governance and performance evaluation index system, AHP was used to determine the weight of each indicator and the grey correlation method was used to analyze the gray correlation between the indicators. The weights of the indicators in the evaluation index system of rural ecological environment in northern Hebei province were: ecological economy (0.4839), ecological environment (0.2736), ecological habitat (0.1371), and ecological protection (0.1054). It showed that the rural economy in the region had reached a certain level, but the ecological environment, ecological protection, etc. still needed to be improved. The results of grey correlation method showed that the highest correlation coefficient in the ecological environment in the northern mountainous areas of Hebei province was the livestock manure treatment rate (0.754), the highest correlation coefficient in the ecological economy was the per capita net income of farmers (0.624), and the highest correlation coefficient in ecological protection was the fertilizer application rate (0.846), and the highest correlation coefficient among the ecological population was the qualified rate of drinking water (0.682). The degree of relevance was ecological protection (0.724), ecological environment (0.662), ecological habitat (0.573), and the ecology economy (0.543).It showed that there was still a lot of room for the improvement of the ecological environment in the region.The results of the study pointed out that the lack of governance of the rural ecological environment in northern mountainous areas of Hebei province and had important guiding significance for further improving the regional ecological environment.
Key words:  rural ecological environment  analytic hierarchy process  grey correlation method  evaluation  northern Hebei province
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