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引用本文:谢贤鑫,陈美球,李志朋,刘艳婷,袁东波,廖小斌.农户生计分化与化肥施用行为*——基于江西省1 421户农户的调研[J].中国农业资源与区划,2018,39(10):155~163
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农户生计分化与化肥施用行为*——基于江西省1 421户农户的调研
谢贤鑫1, 陈美球1, 李志朋2, 刘艳婷1, 袁东波1, 廖小斌1
1.江西农业大学农村土地资源利用与保护研究中心/江西省鄱阳湖流域农业资源与生态重点实验室,南昌330045;2.江西省国土资源勘测规划院,南昌330006
摘要:
[目的]为清晰识别生计分化对农户施用化肥行为的影响,以期为农户生计不断分化的现阶段化肥减量化目标实现提供参考。[方法]文章借鉴已有研究方法,基于江西省9市19县(区)1 421份农户调查问卷,在分析生计分化的农户化肥施用特征变化基础上,运用二元Logistic回归模型对农户生计分化对施用化肥行为的影响因素开展实证研究。[结果](1)农户生计分化的化肥施用特征变化主要体现在化肥施用技术与认知特征、化肥用量依据及种类变化特征以及科学施肥激励措施特征3方面。(2)影响纯农户合理施用化肥的因素有年龄、家庭年收入、家庭劳动力比重、家庭耕地经营规模; 影响Ⅰ兼户合理施用化肥的因素有性别、家庭耕地经营规模、负面影响认知、土壤污染认知、种类变更; 影响Ⅱ兼户合理施用化肥的因素有家庭年收入、家庭劳动力比重、负面影响认知、种类变更。[结论]政府及基层管理部门应在施肥宣传、技术推广、肥源替代以及引导土地适度规模化流转等方面制定针对性的政策措施。
关键词:  农户生计分化化肥施用江西省Logistic回归
DOI:
分类号:F3233
基金项目:国家自然科学基金“生计分化中农户农业面源污染防控行为及其调控对策研究——以江西省为例”(71473112); 江西省哲学社会科学重点研究基地项目“基于农户行为的农产品质量安全保障对策研究”(15SKJD13); 江西现代农业及其优势产业可持续发展的决策支持协同创新中心项目“江西耕地质量提升对策研究”、江西省高校哲学社会科学创新团队建设项目
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS′ LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION AND FERTILIZER APPLICATION BEHAVIOR* ——BASED ON THE SURVEY OF 1421 HOUSEHOLDS IN JIANGXI PROVINCE
Xie Xianxin1, Chen Meiqiu1, Li Zhipeng2, Liu Yanting1, Yuan Dongbo1, Liao Xiaobin1
1.Research Center on Rural Land Resources Use and Protection/The Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Basin Agricultural Resources and Ecology, Jiangxi Agriculture University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330045, China;2.Jiangxi Land and Resources Survey and Planning Institute, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, China
Abstract:
In order to clearly identify the impact of livelihood diversification on households′ application of fertilizers, it is expected to provide reference for the realization of the current stage of fertilizer reduction targets for households′ livelihoods. Based on the questionnaire survey of 1421 households in 19 counties (districts) of 9 cities in Jiangxi province and the analysis of the changes in the characteristics of fertilizer application by households with livelihood diversification, this paper conducted empirical research about the factors affecting households′ livelihood diversification on fertilization behavior by using the binary logistic regression model. The main conclusions showed that: (1) the changes of fertilizer application characteristics of households′ livelihood diversification were mainly reflected in the three aspects of fertilizer application technology and cognitive characteristics, fertilizer dosage basis and species change characteristics and scientific fertilization incentive characteristics. (2) Full farm households applied fertilizer was affected by age, annual household income, proportion of family labor, and family cultivated land management scale; type I households were affected by gender, family cultivated land management scale, negative impact cognition, soil pollution cognition and species change; type Ⅱ households were affected by annual household income, proportion of family labor, negative impact cognition and species change. The government and grassroots management departments should formulate targeted policy measures in the areas of fertilization propaganda, technology promotion, replacement of fertilizer sources, and guiding the moderate scale of cultivated land transfer.
Key words:  households  livelihood diversification  fertilizer application  Jiangxi Province  Logistic regression
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