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引用本文:胡春丽.郑州市休闲农业空间分布及其评价[J].中国农业资源与区划,2018,39(10):263~268
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郑州市休闲农业空间分布及其评价
胡春丽
郑州科技学院,河南郑州450064
摘要:
[目的]为探讨休闲农业空间的分布规律,促进休闲农业布局的优化发展,实现区域休闲农业的健康可持续发展。[方法]文章以郑州市为研究区域,通过空间分布密度和地理联系率分析休闲农业的空间分布,进而通过模糊层次综合分析法对其休闲农业空间适宜性进行评价。[结果]郑州市休闲农业主要集中在惠济区(106个)、登封市(78个)、二七区(67个),其中惠济区和二七区是近郊集聚地,登封市是远郊集聚地,且中原区(092)、惠济区(051)和二七区(043)的空间分布密度较高,而巩义区(001)和航空港区(002)的空间分布密度较低,同时休闲农业点数分布与客源市场分布之间的地理联系率为685%,整体上郑州市休闲农业点与客源市场之间的均衡和配合程度中等。此外郑州市休闲农业空间分布适宜性的最终综合评价得分为134,说明目前郑州市休闲农业空间分布的适宜性较差,其中区位条件和社会经济对于郑州市休闲农业空间分布适宜性发挥重要作用。[结论]郑州市休闲农业应加强薄弱环节的建设,因地制宜,协调发展区域休闲农业,构建合理的休闲农业空间分布布局。
关键词:  休闲农业空间分布密度地理联系率模糊层次评价法郑州
DOI:
分类号:F5927; F327
基金项目:河南省社会科学调研课题“节庆旅游借助新媒体实现旅游联动发展的营销策略研究——以洛阳牡丹文化节为例”(SKL 2016 1127)
SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND EVALUATION OF LEISURE AGRICULTURE IN ZHENGZHOU CITY
Hu Chunli
Zhengzhou University of Science and Technology,Zhengzhou, Henan 450064,China
Abstract:
To explore the distribution pattern of leisure agriculture space, promote the optimal development of leisure agriculture layout, and realize the healthy and sustainable development of regional leisure agriculture. Taking Zhengzhou city as the research area, this paper analyzed the spatial distribution of leisure agriculture through spatial distribution density and geographical connection rate, and then evaluated the spatial suitability of leisure agriculture through fuzzy comprehensive analysis method. The results showed that the leisure agriculture in Zhengzhou city was mainly concentrated in Huiji district (106), Dengfeng city (78), and Erqi district (67). Among them, Huiji district and Erqi district were the suburbs′ gathering place, while Dengfeng city was a remote area, and the spatial distribution density of Zhongyuan district (0.92), Huiji district (0.51) and Erqi district (0.43) was relatively high. The spatial distribution density of gongyi district (0.01) and airport harbor (0.02) was low. At the same time, the geographical connection rate between the distribution of leisure agriculture points and the distribution of tourist source markets was 68.5%. As a whole, the degree of balance and cooperation between the leisure agriculture sites and the tourist source markets in Zhengzhou was moderate. In addition, the final comprehensive evaluation score of the spatial distribution suitability of leisure agriculture in Zhengzhou was 13.4, which indicated that the suitability of spatial distribution of leisure agriculture in Zhengzhou city was poor, and the regional conditions and social economy played an important role in the spatial distribution of leisure agriculture in Zhengzhou city. Leisure agriculture in Zhengzhou City should strengthen the construction of weak links, adjust measures to local conditions, coordinate the development of regional leisure agriculture, and establish a reasonable spatial distribution of leisure agriculture.
Key words:  leisure agriculture  spatial distribution density  geographic contact rate  fuzzy hierarchy evaluation method  Zhengzhou
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