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引用本文:李哲敏,任育锋,张小允.改革开放以来中国蔬菜产业发展及趋势[J].中国农业资源与区划,2018,39(12):13~20
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改革开放以来中国蔬菜产业发展及趋势
李哲敏1,2, 任育锋3, 张小允3
1.中国农业科学院农业信息研究所,北京100081;2.中国农业科学院研究生院,北京100081;3.中国农业科学院农业信息研究所,北京100081
摘要:
[目的]改革开放以来,中国蔬菜产业得到快速发展,已成为农业农村经济发展的支柱产业。文章通过分析我国蔬菜产业发展及其政策体系的演变历程,研判未来趋势,提出科学、合理的政策建议。[方法]主要采取文献分析方法,并与相关部门合作开展联合调研,在系统详实资料基础上,开展系统研究。[结果]改革开放以来,中国蔬菜生产产量、质量均得到大幅提高,区域布局逐渐优化、专业化生产格局基本形成,加工能力稳步上升,出口贸易不断增长,科技水平不断提高,市场流通体系逐渐完善; 蔬菜产业政策的演变则大致可分为探索阶段(1978—1987年)、发展阶段(1988—2009年)、规范引导阶段(2010年以来)等3个主要阶段。[结论]需求引导、科技引领、政策规范是蔬菜产业未来发展趋势,应该从全产业链信息监测、科技与服务机制创新、支持保护政策体系等方面入手,推动蔬菜产业绿色、健康、可持续发展。
关键词:  蔬菜产业发展历程政策需求科技
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:农业部农业监测预警与信息化专项“大豆棉花目标价格研究”; 农业农村部2018年创新人才项目“主要农产品市场监测预警关键技术研究”; 中国农业科学院科技创新工程项目“农业生产管理数字化技术创新团队”(CAAS ASTIP 2018 AII 02)
DEVELOPMENT AND TREND OF VEGETABLE INDUSTRY IN CHINA SINCE REFORM AND OPENING UP
Li Zhemin1,2, Ren Yufeng3, Zhang Xiaoyun3
1. Agricultural Information Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;3.Agricultural Information Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
Since the reform and opening up, vegetable industry has developed rapidly, and has become the pillar industry of China′s agricultural and rural economic development. By analyzing the development of vegetable industry in China and the evolution of its policy system, this paper studied its future trends and put forward scientific and reasonable policy recommendations. It mainly adopted literature analysis methods, and cooperated with relevant departments to carry out joint research, and conducted systematic research on the basis of systematic and detailed data. The results showed that the output and quality of China′s vegetable production had been greatly improved since the reform and opening up; the regional layout had been gradually optimized and the overall pattern of specialized production had been formed; the processing capacity had been steadily improved, and the export trade had been continuously increased; and the scientific and technological level had been continuously improved, and the market circulation system had been gradually improved. Then the literature review was used to systematically analyzed the policy changes of vegetable industry, and concluded that it has gone through the initial stage (1978 1987), the development stage (1988 2009) and the normative guidance stage (since 2010). Finally, the study considers that demand oriented industry development, science and technology led industry development and policy standardized industry development are the future development trends of vegetable industry. We should start with monitoring information system of industry chain, science and technology innovation and service mechanism, support and protection policy system, and do a good job of standardization and support for future development and promote vegetable industry to green, healthy and sustainable development.
Key words:  vegetable industry  development progress  policy  demand  science and technology
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