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引用本文:李博伟,邢丽荣,徐翔.农业服务业与农业生产区域专业化的协同效应研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2018,39(12):129~137
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农业服务业与农业生产区域专业化的协同效应研究
李博伟1, 邢丽荣2, 徐翔3
1.浙江农林大学经济管理学院,杭州311300;2.山东理工大学经济学院,淄博255012;3.南京农业大学经济管理学院,江苏南京210095
摘要:
[目的]探索农业服务业和农业生产区域专业化之间的相互关系,从而为农业服务业持续发展和农业生产区域专业化水平提升寻找可能路径。[方法]文章运用2003—2015年全国28个省的面板数据建立联立方程组模型检验农业服务业和农业生产区域专业化之间的协同效应。[结果](1)从全国层面来看,农业服务业产值增加1%使得农业生产的区域集中度指数提高008%,结果在1%的水平上显著; 前一期农业生产区域集中度指数提高1%使得当期农业服务业产值提高5348%,结果在5%的水平上显著; (2)西部地区农业服务业产值增加1%使得农业生产的区域集中度指数提高0342%,前一期农业生产区域集中度指数提高1%使得当期农业服务业产值提高7474%,结果分别在10%和5%的水平上显著; (3)东部地区农业服务业产值增加1%使得农业生产的区域集中度指数提高0099%,前一期农业生产区域集中度指数提高1%使得当期农业服务业产值提高5874%,结果均在5%的水平上显著; (4)中部地区农业服务业产值增加没有显著影响农业生产区域集中度指数,前一期农业生产区域集中度指数对当期农业服务业产值有5%水平上显著正向的影响,影响弹性为4531。[结论](1)农业服务业和农业生产区域专业化在全国层面表现出互相促进的协同效应,但是,该协同效应在东部、中部和西部地区表现出明显的差异; (2)西部地区农业服务业和生产区域专业化的协同效应最强烈; (3)东部地区农业服务业和生产区域专业化表现出协同效应,但不及西部强烈; (4)中部地区农业服务业和生产区域专业化没有表现出明显的协同效应。据此该文认为进一步优化农业产业布局应当重视农业服务业和区域生产专业化的协同效应及其地区差异。
关键词:  农业服务业区域专业化协同效应区域差异联立方程组
DOI:
分类号:F3233
基金项目:浙江农林大学科研发展基金人才启动项目“农业技术推广:市场机制、社会资本与公共服务”(103/2034020100); 江苏省高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)
STUDY ON THE SYNERGISTIC EFFECT OF AGRICULTURAL SERVICE INDUSTRY AND REGIONAL SPECIALIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
Li Bowei1, Xing Lirong2, Xu Xiang3
1.Economics and Management School of Zhejiang A&F University, Hangzhou,Zhejiang 311300, China;2.Economics School of Shandong University of Technology, Zibo, Shandong 255012, China;3.Economics and Management School of Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China
Abstract:
The relationship between agriculture service industry and agricultural regional specialization was explored in this paper, aiming at finding out some possible ways to improve the sustainable development of agriculture service industry and agricultural regional specialization. The panel data of 28 provinces from year 2003 to year 2015 in China were employed to establish the simultaneous equations model to study the synergy effect between agricultural service industry and regional specialization. The results show as follows. (1)It is statistically significant at 1% level that every1% increase in output value of agricultural service industry can make agricultural concentration index up 0.08% from the perspective of the whole country, and the result is significant at 5% level that the previous period agricultural concentration index increased by every 1% can make current agricultural service industry output value more 5.345%. (2)In the western area, every1% increase in output value of agricultural service industry can make agricultural concentration index rising 0.342%, and the previous period agricultural concentration index increased by every 1%can increase current the output value of agricultural service industry by 7.474%, statistically significant at 10% and 5%level respectively; (3)In the eastern area, every 1%increase in output value of agricultural service industry can rise agricultural concentration index by 0.099%, and every 1%increase in agricultural concentration index of the previous period can improve the output value of current agricultural service industry by 5.874%, both statistically significant at5%level; (4) In the central area, agricultural service industry has no significant effect on agricultural concentration index, and agricultural concentration index of the previous period has positive effect on the output value of current agricultural service industry, and it is statistically significant at 5% level. The elasticity of the effect is 4.531.It suggest that (1)On one hand, synergistic effect is displayed between agriculture service industry and agricultural regional specialization to promote each other from the view of the national level, but on the other hand, there are some different synergistic effects in eastern area, central area and western area; (2) The synergistic effect between agriculture service industry and industry and agricultural regional specialization in the western area is the most significant; (3)There is a synergistic effect between agricultural service industry and regional specialization in the eastern area, but the synergistic effect is less obvious than that in the western area; (4)There is no obvious synergistic effect between agricultural service industry and regional specialization in the central area. Based on these conclusions, attention should be paid to the synergies between agriculture service industry and regional specialization as well as the regional differences to optimize the layout of agricultural industry.
Key words:  agricultural service industry  regional specialization  synergistic effect  regional differences  simultaneous equations
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