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引用本文:熊瑞权,万忠,谢雁芸,王三军,王国庆,李倩欣,丁发.广东省农业现代化功能区划研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2018,39(12):191~199
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广东省农业现代化功能区划研究
熊瑞权1,2, 万忠2,3, 谢雁芸1,2, 王三军1,2, 王国庆1,2, 李倩欣1,2, 丁发1,2
1.广东省农科院彩田农业科技信息中心,广州510640;2.农业农村部华南都市农业重点实验室,广东广州 510640;3.广东省农业科学院农业经济与农村发展研究所,广州510640
摘要:
[目的]农业农村农民问题是关系国计民生的根本性问题,没有农业农村的现代化,就没有国家的现代化。了解广东省农业基本功能,区分全省各县(市、区)当前农业主导功能的类型,能够明确各地未来农业发展方向和重点,对促进农业供给侧结构性改革和农业现代化发展具有重要意义。[方法]根据广东省实际情况,以省121个县(市、区)为基该研究对象,文章选取了25个定量指标,采用主成分分析和聚类分析的方法研究全省各地农业主导功能。[结果]综合考虑农业资源禀赋、规模结构、农村经济、农田生态、居民休闲和区域特色文化等多项指标,文章将全省划分为农产品供给、就业和生活保障、文化传承和休闲、生态调节四大主导功能区,各县(市、区)都具备一种或两种以上农业主导功能,实现从农业主导功能和县域两个维度来分析全省农业主导功能覆盖的县域范围和各县具备的主要农业功能。[结论]“十三五”期间,要重点完成现代农业产业园、粮食功能区、特色农产品优势区、农业公园、田园综合体、农业面源污染治理项目等任务,拓展全省各区域农业功能,试图探索具有广东特色的农业现代化发展方式与发展途径。
关键词:  广东省县域农业功能区划主成分分析聚类分析
DOI:
分类号:F3231
基金项目:省级现代农业产业发展建设专项(粤财农[2014]367号)
STUDY ON THE FUNCTIONAL DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL MODERNIZATION IN GUANGDONG
Xiong Ruiquan1,2, Wan Zhong2,3, Xie Yanyun1,2, Wang Sanjun1,2, Wang Guoqing1,2, Li Qianxin1,2, Ding Fa1,2
1.Caitian Agricultural Science and Technology Information Center, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China;2. Southern China Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China;3.Institute of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou,Guangdong 510640,China
Abstract:
The problem of agricultural and rural peasants is a fundamental issue concerning the national economy and the people′s livelihood. Without the modernization of agriculture and rural areas, there will be no modernization of the country. Understand the basic functions of agriculture in Guangdong province, distinguish the current types of agricultural leading functions in the counties (cities, districts) of the province, and be able to clarify the direction and focus of future agricultural development in various regions, which is of great significance for promoting the structural reform of agricultural supply side and the development of agricultural modernization. According to the actual situation of Guangdong province, taking 121 counties (cities, districts) as the basic research object, the study selected 25 quantitative indicators and used principal component analysis and cluster analysis to study the agricultural leading functions of the province. Considering a variety of indicators such as agricultural resource endowment, scale structure, rural economy, farmland ecology, residents′ leisure and regional characteristic culture, it divides the province into four majors: agricultural product supply, employment and living security, cultural heritage and leisure, and ecological regulation. In the functional area, each county (city, district) has one or more agricultural leading functions, and realizes the county scope covered by the agricultural leading function and the main agriculture of each county from the two leading functions of agriculture and county. During the "Thirteenth Five Year Plan" period, it is necessary to focus on completing tasks such as modern agricultural industrial parks, grain functional zones, characteristic agricultural products advantage areas, agricultural parks, rural complexes, and agricultural non point source pollution control projects, and expand the agricultural functions of various regions of the province. Explore the development mode and development approach of agricultural modernization with Guangdong characteristics.
Key words:  Guangdong province  county  agricultural functional zoning  principal component analysis  cluster analysis
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