• 首页 | 主办单位 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 作者指南 | 刊物订阅 | 下载中心 | 联系我们 | English | 期刊界
引用本文:李换换,宋伟,陈百明,张艳.农村居民点时空格局演化模拟研究综述[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(1):79~88
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 28次   下载 19 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
农村居民点时空格局演化模拟研究综述
李换换1,2, 宋伟3, 陈百明3, 张艳4
1.长安大学地球科学与资源学院,陕西西安710054;2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,陆地表层格局与模拟院重点实验室,北京100101;3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,陆地表层格局与模拟院重点实验室,北京100101;4.长安大学地球科学与资源学院,陕西西安710054
摘要:
[目的]在我国城镇化快速发展的大背景下,农村居民点分化重组趋势日益明显。利用模型模拟的手段定量揭示农村居民点空间格局演化的驱动因素,准确理解其演化过程和未来时期的布局态势,以期达到农村居民点的合理布局势在必行。为此,需要对目前农村居民点演化模拟的研究现状,以及应用的农村居民点演化模拟模型的适用性有一定的把握和认识。[方法]文章利用文献资料法和对比分析法,以农村居民点演化模拟研究的主要内容为主线,梳理和总结了农村居民点演化发展趋势、农村居民点演化模拟驱动机制,以及农村居民点演化模拟方法和模型,评述了不同演化模型的模拟原理及其优缺点。[结果]由于农村居民点的斑块空间破碎化、参与主体多样性、驱动因素复杂等原因,常规的土地利用变化模型在农村居民点模拟的应用上遇到了很大的挑战; 农村居民点演化模拟模型的选择仍具有较强的驱动力和尺度依赖性。[结论]土地利用变化模型可为农村居民点演化模拟研究提供有效参考,但是更加准确的农村居民点演化模拟需要注重机理模型的研发。通过空间途径和社会途径的耦合,解析农村居民点格局演化过程中的主要决策主体,构建农村居民点演化多主体模型,将是未来农村居民点演化模拟的重要方向。
关键词:  农村居民点格局演化驱动力模拟模型综述
DOI:
分类号:K9018
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“面向新型城镇化的农村居民点格局演化与调控研究”(41671177); 国家重点研发计划“全球变化与经济系统成害过程研究”(2016YFA0602402);地球观测与时空信息科学国家测绘地理信息局重点实验室经费项目“地块碎小区域农作物种植结构遥感提取方法”(201807)
REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH ON THE EVOLUTION SIMULATION OF SPATIAL TEMPORAL PATTERNS IN RURAL SETTLEMENTS
Li Huanhuan1,2, Song Wei3, Chen Baiming3, Zhang Yan4
1. School of Earth Science and Resource, Chang′an University, Xi′an, Shaanxi 710054, China;2. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101,China;3.Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101,China;4.School of Earth Science and Resource, Chang′an University, Xi′an, Shaanxi 710054, China
Abstract:
At present, with the rapid urbanization in China, the differentiation and reorganization trends of rural settlement are becoming more and more obvious. In order to achieve a reasonable layout for rural settlements, it is imperative to quantitatively reveal the determinants that influence the spatial evolution of rural settlements, accurately understand its evolution process and furtherly predict their future layout by modeling and simulation approaches. Therefore, it is necessary to master the current status of research on simulating the evolution of rural settlement patterns and evaluate the applicability of models that can be used to simulate the rural settlement evolution. Taking the main contents of the research on the rural settlement evolution simulation as a mainline, using the methods of literature summary and comparative analysis, this paper reviews the evolution patterns and driving mechanism of rural settlements and compares the advantages and disadvantages of their methods and models. Findings from our systemic review are showed as follows. As the reasons of scattered distribution in rural settlement, diversity of its participants, and complex driving factors, the application of conventional land use change models in simulating rural settlement is facing great challenges. The selection of the simulation model of rural settlement strongly associates with the selections of driving forces and spatial scale. In conclusion, the simulation model of land use change can provide an effective reference on the simulation of rural settlements evolution. However, the more accurate evolution simulation of rural settlements requires a further consideration of the model mechanism. As a consequence, to analyze the main decision making body in the rural settlement evolution through coupling spatial approach and social approach, and additionally, construct a multi agent model will be an important future direction of the rural settlements′ evolution simulation.
Key words:  rural settlements  pattern evolution  driving force  simulation model  review
版权所有:  您是本站第    位访问者
主管单位:中华人民共和国农业部 主办单位:中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 地址:北京市中关村南大街12号
电话:010-82109647 82108697 电子邮件:quhuabjb@caas.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备11039015号