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引用本文:张园园,沙鸣,孙世民.生猪养殖规模化程度的省际差异及未来趋势*——基于13个生猪养殖优势省份的研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(1):195~200
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生猪养殖规模化程度的省际差异及未来趋势*——基于13个生猪养殖优势省份的研究
张园园1, 沙鸣2, 孙世民1
1.山东农业大学经济管理学院,泰安271018;2.山东农业工程学院经济管理学院,济南250100
摘要:
[目的]2007年以来国家实施“一揽子”补贴政策,生猪养殖规模化程度显著提高,但也呈现出明显的规模差异和省际差异。[方法]基于相关统计数据,利用生猪规模养殖指数详细透视了生猪养殖优势省份规模养殖的发展历程及规模化特征。[结果]生猪规模养殖呈现向华北和东北地区富集的基本趋势,但目前生猪养殖规模化的层次仍较低; 吉林、黑龙江、山东属生猪规模养殖特快发展区,辽宁、江苏、河南和广东属于快速发展区,安徽、湖北、湖南、广西和四川属缓慢发展区,河北属约束发展区。[结论]在山东、江苏、河南和广东,重点推进年出栏50~100头的养猪场户向年出栏100头以上的养猪场户转化; 在黑龙江、吉林、辽宁应进一步鼓励年出栏100头以上的养猪场户适当的扩大规模; 而在河北,考虑产业布局和环境规制等因素,则有序退出生猪规模养殖。
关键词:  生猪规模养殖指数发展历程省际差异趋势
DOI:
分类号:F3263
基金项目:山东省社会科学规划项目“山东省畜禽养殖场户清洁生产行为演进机制及优化策略研究”(18DGLJ08); 山东省现代农业产业技术体系生猪创新团队建设项目(SDAIT 08 11); 山东“双一流”奖补资金资助(SYL2017XTTD16)
INTERPROVINCIAL DIFFERENCE AND FUTURE TRENDS OF SCALE PRODUCTION OF HOGS*——STUDY ON 13 ADVANTAGEOUS PROVINCES FOR HOG BREEDING
Zhang Yuanyuan1, Sha Ming2, Sun Shimin1
1.School of Economy and Management, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai′an, Shandong 271018, China;2.College of Economics and Management, Shandong Agricultural Engineering College, Jinan, Shandong 250100, China
Abstract:
The scale breeding of hogs has seen great strides from the year 2007, since our state implemented a policy of hog breeding subsidies. At the same time, it also appears scale difference and inter provincial difference. Based on the relevant statistics, this paper described the development course and the characteristics of scale breeding of hogs by scale index. Research results show that the scale breeding of hogs has a trend of concentration in north China and northeast China. At present, the scale breeding of hogs is still low. The scale breeding of hogs in Jilin, Heilongjiang and Shandong has a high speed development. The scale breeding of hogs in Liaoning, Jiangsu, Henan and Guangdong has a medium speed development. The scale breeding of hogs in Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi and Sichuan has a slow development, while the scale breeding of hogs in Hebei has a backward development. The conclusion is that the government must focus on an annual hog slaughter conversion of hog farmers from 50~100 to more than 100 in Shandong, Jiangsu, Henan and Guangdong. The government must further encourage hog farmers with an annual hog slaughter more than 100 to scale up in Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning. But taken into account industrial layout and environmental regulation, the government should orderly exit the scale hog breeding with no chaos.
Key words:  hog  scale breeding index  development course  provincial differences  trends
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