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引用本文:张永华.基于乡村绿色发展理念的农业产业结构优化驱动力分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(4):22~27
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基于乡村绿色发展理念的农业产业结构优化驱动力分析
张永华
周口职业技术学院,河南周口466000
摘要:
[目的]分析农业产业结构优化的驱动因素,研究影响农业产业结构优化升级的最重要因素,以期为农业产业和农村经济的可持续发展提供支持。[方法]文章基于乡村绿色发展理念,采用层次分析法(AHP),构建农业产业结构优化驱动因素指标体系,确定指标权重,根据权重值和农民评分值的乘积对各指标因素进行重要性排序,最终确定影响农业产业结构优化升级的最重要因素。[结果]在系统层中,权重值最高的是经济因素,权重值最低的是社会因素,自然因素介于两者之间。在经济因素所包含的指标中,市场供求状况的权重值最大,居民收入水平的权重值最小; 在自然因素所包含的指标中,水资源匮乏和生态环境退化的权重值较高,植被覆盖度下降的权重值最低; 在社会因素所包含的指标中,政府调控粮食流通的权重值最大,权重值最小的是城市化水平。对农业产业结构优化升级驱动力较大的前5个因子依次是:市场供求状况、农产品市场价格、农产品品质、农民经济收入和水资源匮乏。[结论]在该文涉及到的驱动因子中,推动农业产业结构优化升级的最重要因素是关乎农民切身利益的经济因素,市场对农产品的供求严重影响农业产业结构的配置比例。保持乡村绿色可持续发展是农业产业结构调整优化的重要原则,改善农业和农村环境是进行农业产业结构优化的先决条件。
关键词:  乡村绿色发展理念农业产业结构结构优化驱动力农村可持续发展
DOI:
分类号:F32322
基金项目:河南省社科联2018年度调研课题“河南实施乡村振兴实践探索与对策建议”(SKL 116)
THE ANALYSIS OF THE DRIVING FORCES OF AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE OPTIMIZATION BASED ON THE GREEN DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT OF VILLAGES
Zhang Yonghua
Zhoukou Vocational and Technical College, Zhoukou, Henan 466000, China
Abstract:
The research is intended to analyze the driving factors of agricultural industrial structure optimization and study the most important factors affecting the optimization and upgrading of agricultural industrial structure in order to provide support for the sustainable development of the agricultural industry and rural economy. Based on the concept of rural green development, this research adopted the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to construct the index system of the driving factors of agricultural industrial structure optimization, and determined the index weights, then ranked the importance of each index factor according to the product of the weight value and the score value. Finally, it identified the most important factors affecting the optimization and upgrading of the agricultural industry structure. In the system layer, the highest weight value is the economic factor, the lowest weight value is the social factor, and the natural factor is between the two. Among the indicators in economic factors, the market′s supply and demand status has the largest weight value, and the residents′ income level has the smallest weight value. Among the indicators in natural factors, the weight of water shortage and ecological environment degradation is higher, and the weight of vegetation coverage decline is the lowest; among the indicators in social factors, the weight of government regulation and control of grain circulation is the largest, and the weight value of the level of urbanization is the lowest. The top five factors that drive the optimization and upgrading of the agricultural industry structure are: market supply and demand conditions, agricultural product market prices, agricultural product quality, farmers′ economic income, and scarcity of water resources. Among the driving factors involved in this research, the most important factor that promotes the optimization and upgrading of the agricultural industry structure is the economic factor that concerns the vital interests of farmers. The market′s supply and demand conditions for agricultural products seriously affect the allocation ratio of the agricultural industry structure. Maintaining rural green sustainable development is an important principle in the adjustment and optimization of agricultural industrial structure. Improving agriculture and the rural environment are prerequisites for the optimization of agricultural industrial structure.
Key words:  rural green development concept  agricultural industrial structure  structural optimization  driving force sustainable  rural development
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