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引用本文:李永前.基于实证分析的云南藏区教育阻断贫困代际传递调查研究*——以德钦县为例[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(4):153~160
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基于实证分析的云南藏区教育阻断贫困代际传递调查研究*——以德钦县为例
李永前
云南农业大学经济管理学院,昆明650201
摘要:
[目的]反贫困最需要做的就是找准贫困的原因,从贫困的根源上着手摆脱贫困。当前在脱贫攻坚过程中“扶志与扶智”需要共同推进,激发贫困群体内生动力是精准脱贫取得胜利的前提。[方法]文章通过对国家级贫困县云南省迪庆藏族自治州德钦县8个民族乡镇贫困现状的实地调查,基于调查问卷与关键人群访谈的相关数据,利用灰色关联度的方法进行分析,探索云南藏区贫困的根本原因。[结果]对于贫困文化影响严重的民族地区,针对云南藏区的贫困现状,最有效的方法就是充分利用教育来阻断贫困的代际传递。[结论]结合民族地区实际,通过延长国家义务教育前后时段,实施“3+9+3”的15年义务教育工程,解决好教育基础设施及师资问题,对不同年龄段贫困群体开展分类教育,普及基础知识,提升贫困地区群众的科技文化水平,打破贫困文化对贫困群体思想上的束缚,让贫困群体相信依靠科学技术,通过自身努力在政府的帮扶下战胜贫困。
关键词:  教育贫困文化代际传递阻断灰色关联法
DOI:
分类号:C939
基金项目:云南省哲学社会科学教育科学规划项目“云南省集中连片特困地区教育阻断贫困代际传递路径研究”(AC17017); 云南省省院省校教育合作人文社会科学研究项目“云南藏区贫困村多维脱贫研究”(SYSX201605)
BASED ON EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF YUNNAN′S TIBETAN EDUCATION BLOCKING INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSFER OF POVERTY*——TAKING DEQIN COUNTY AS AN EXAMPLE
Li Yongqian
College of Economic and Management, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, Yunnan 650201,China
Abstract:
The most important thing to do in anti poverty is to find out the cause of poverty, and get rid of the poverty from the roots of poverty. At present, it is necessary to promote both ambition and wisdom in the process of poverty alleviation, and stimulating the endogenous power of the poor is the prerequisite for the success of poverty alleviation. This paper investigated the poverty status of eight national towns and districts in Deqin county of Diqing prefecture in Yunnan province, Moreover, based on the relevant data of questionnaires and interviews, it explored the primary cause of poverty in Tibetan areas of Yunnan province by using the grey correlation method. For ethnic regions where poverty culture has a serious impact, the most effective method is to make full use of education to block the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Combining the reality of ethnic minority areas, by extending the before and after national compulsory education period, it is necessary to implement the "3 + 9 + 3" of 15 years of compulsory education project, solve the problem of good education infrastructure and the teachers, and carry out the classification of education for different age groups, improve the popularization of basic knowledge and enhance the technological and cultural level of the masses. To improve the scientific and technological level of the people in poor areas, break the bondage of poverty on the culture of the poor thoughts in poor areas, and let the poor believe that they rely on science and technology to fight poverty through the their own efforts under the government′s support.
Key words:  education  poverty culture  inter generational transmission  block  grey correlation method
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