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引用本文:杜涛,滕永忠,田建民,田明津.小农户合作生产影响因素实证分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(5):134~140
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小农户合作生产影响因素实证分析
杜涛, 滕永忠, 田建民, 田明津
河南省农业科学院农业经济与信息研究所,郑州450002
摘要:
[目的]分析小农户合作生产意愿及其影响因素,以促进小农户发展多样化的联合与合作,提升小农户组织化程度。[方法]首先分类分层确定样本县、样本村,随机分类确定样本户,然后通过访谈和问卷调查获取农户数据,并利用描述性统计和Logistic模型对农户数据进行分析验证。[结果](1)农户土地经营规模小,种植结构单一,非农收入比重高,农业兼业化严重; (1)描述性分析表明,土地规模、人均农业纯收入、农机、农业社会化服务、县域经济、土地转出意愿对农户合作生产具有正向影响,家庭人口数量、非农收入对农户合作生产影响为负; (2)Logistic模型分析表明,对农户合作生产有显著影响的因素为非农收入、农业社会化服务支出和土地转出意愿。[结论]小农户合作生产意愿一般,农业社会化服务支出、土地转出意愿对小农户合作生产具有正向影响,非农收入对农户合作生产具有负向影响。
关键词:  小农户合作生产农业社会化服务土地流转Logistic模型
DOI:
分类号:F3236
基金项目:河南省软科学计划项目“河南省农业科技进步贡献率测算方法及其应用研究”(172400410297); 河南省农科院自主创新基金项目“基于企业视角的工商资本下乡问题实证研究”(2016ZC53)
ANALYSIS ON THE INFLUENCING FACTORS OF FARMER HOUSEHOLD COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION
Du Tao, Teng Yongzhong, Tian Jianmin, Tian Mingjin
Institute of Agricultural Economy and Information, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou, Henan 450002, China
Abstract:
This research aims to analyze small farmer households′ willingness of cooperative production and its influencing factors, so as to improve the organizational degree of small farmer households to promote the mutual development of small farmer households and modern agriculture. First, the sample counties, sample villages for the research were determined by the hierarchical classification method, and the sample farmer households for the research were determined by the random classification method, and then the survey data of farmer households were taken through the interviews and questionnaire survey to the sample farmer households. Finally, based on the survey data of farmer households in Henan province, the Logistic model was established to analyze small farmer household′s willingness of cooperative production and its influencing factors. The results were showed as follows. First, some problems were existed in agriculture field, such as the small farmers′ land management scale, single cropping structure, and high non agricultural income, the part time of agriculture. Second, based on the descriptive analysis, some problems were existed in agriculture field, such as the scale of land, the net income of agriculture per capita, the number of agricultural machinery, the level of agricultural socialization service and the county economy. The willingness of land circulation had positive effects on small farmers′ willingness of cooperative production, while the amount of family population, the non agricultural income had negative impact on small farmers′ willingness of cooperative production. Finally, the results of Logistic model analysis showed that the factors which had significant impact on small farmers′ willingness of cooperative production were the level of non agricultural income, the level of agricultural socialization service and the willingness of land circulation of small farmer households. The small farmers′ willingness of cooperative production is not strong, the level of agricultural socialization service and the willingness of land circulation of small farmers′ have positive effects on small farmers′ willingness of cooperative production,while the level of non agricultural income of small farmer have negative influences to small farmers′ willingness of cooperative production.
Key words:  small farmer household  cooperative production  agricultural socialization service  land circulation  Logistic model
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