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引用本文:刘雨涛.广东省休闲旅游农业资源形态聚类分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(5):209~214
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广东省休闲旅游农业资源形态聚类分析
刘雨涛
广州铁路职业技术学院,广东广州510430
摘要:
[目的]通过对广东省休闲农业旅游资源的形态进行聚类分析,旨在为广东省的乡村旅游的可持续发展提供合理的参考建议。[方法]通过模糊聚类分析法对广东省休闲农业旅游资源进行聚类分析。[结果]广东省休闲农业旅游资源可聚为4个类别,其中美丽田园和特色民居村为第一类,乡村度假区和农业观光园为第二类,科技产业园、休闲农庄、农业文化园和风俗体验区为第三类,农渔家乐、特色采摘园、特色农场和农产品基地为第四类。[结论]美丽田园和特色民居村,其在文化价值、休闲性和产业带动方面优势凸显,独特性高组合性较好,具有地区特色,资源整体价值大; 乡村度假区和农业观光园规模较大,独特性高,但对资金要求较高,主要为政府和企业开发项目,数量相对较少,对促进农民增收作用较低; 科技产业园、休闲农庄、农业文化园和风俗体验区具有较高的文化价值和较好的休闲作用,但发展时间较短,创新性不足,在居民参与性方面有待加强; 农渔家乐、特色采摘园、特色农场和农产品基地具有较高的居民参与性,且符合大多数居民的消费水平,在带动农民增收方面具有显著作用,但形式单一,在独特性、休闲性和创新性方面不如其他3类。
关键词:  广东省乡村旅游休闲农业不同形态聚类分析
DOI:
分类号:F5903
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助“创新驱动模式下旅游服务供应链竞争决策模型与方法研究”(71371075)
CLUSTER ANALYSIS OF LEISURE TOURISM AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES IN GUANGDONG PROVINCE
Liu Yutao
Guangzhou Railway Polytechnic, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510430, China
Abstract:
Through cluster analysis of the form of leisure agriculture tourism resources in Guangdong province, this research aims to provide a reasonable reference for the sustainable development of rural tourism in Guangdong province. This research analyzed the leisure agricultural tourism resources in Guangdong province by fuzzy cluster analysis. It divided the leisure agricultural tourism resources in Guangdong into 4 categories, including the first category, the beautiful pastoral and the characteristic residential village; the second types, the rural resort and the agricultural sightseeing garden; the third types, the science and technology industrial park, the leisure farm, the agricultural culture garden and the custom experience area; and the fourth types, the agricultural and fishery, the special color plucking garden, the characteristic farm and the agricultural product base. The beautiful pastoral garden and the characteristic folk residence village have advantages in its cultural value, the leisure sex and the industry drive aspect superiority prominent. And the uniqueness high combinative nature is good with the regional characteristic and the resources overall value is big. The countryside holiday area and the agricultural sightseeing park scale is big, high uniqueness, but higher demand for funds, which are mainly for government and enterprise development projects, relatively small in number, low in promoting farmers′ income; science and technology industry parks, leisure farms, the agricultural culture garden and the custom experience area have the higher cultural value and the better leisure function, but the development time is shorter, the innovation is insufficient, the resident participation aspect needs to be strengthened; the agriculture and fishery family happy, the characteristic picking garden, the characteristic farm and the agricultural production base have higher residents′ participation and suit the consumption level of most residents. They play a significant role in driving farmers′ income increase, but the forms are single, and they are inferior to the other three categories in the aspects of uniqueness, leisure and innovation.
Key words:  Guangdong province  rural tourism  leisure agriculture  different forms  cluster analysis
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