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引用本文:赵宏亮.基于县域尺度河西走廊乡村旅游集聚度研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(5):215~220
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基于县域尺度河西走廊乡村旅游集聚度研究
赵宏亮
河西学院历史文化旅游学院,甘肃张掖734000
摘要:
[目的]通过测度河西走廊乡村旅游产业集聚度及竞争态势,以准确把握河西走廊地区乡村旅游发展现状。[方法]以2012—2016年为时间节点,采用区位熵及产业集聚竞争态模型从县域角度对甘肃省河西走廊地区20个县(区)的乡村旅游产业集聚度进行分析。[结果](1)河西走廊每个县(区)乡村旅游业集聚度和竞争态势具有一定的差异,总体包括优势区、潜力区和劣势区3种; (2)乡村旅游产业属优势区的县(区)占河西走廊县(区)总数量的50%,主要集中在河西走廊中部地区,以张掖市为主的乡村旅游产业优势区逐步形成; (3)乡村旅游产业属潜力区的县(区)占河西走廊县(区)总数量的15%,产业竞争态势不断增强,但仍具有一定不稳定性; (4)乡村旅游产业属劣势区的县(区)占河西走廊县(区)总数量的35%,其中以武威市最多。[结论]河西走廊每个县(区)乡村旅游业集聚度和竞争态势空间分布不均匀,不同县(区)乡村旅游产业集聚度差异明显,以张掖市为主的乡村旅游产业优势区逐步形成,但其他地域乡村旅游产业不稳定性依旧较高,需政府给予关注。
关键词:  乡村旅游集聚度竞争态模型区位熵河西走廊
DOI:
分类号:F592
基金项目:国家文化和旅游部2018年度万名旅游英才计划“双师型”教师培养项目“旅游新业态下的河西走廊文化旅游”(WMYC20181 048)
STUDY ON RURAL TOURISM CONCENTRATION OF HEXI CORRIDOR BASED ON COUNTY SCALE
Zhao Hongliang
Department of History and Tourism, Hexi University, Zhangye, Gansu 734000, China
Abstract:
This study aims to measure the concentration and competition situation of rural tourism industry in Hexi Corridor, so as to accurately grasp the current situation of rural tourism development in Hexi Corridor. This study took 2012~2016 as the time node, and analyzed the rural tourism industry concentration degree of 20 counties (districts) in Hexi Corridor Region of Gansu province from the county perspective by using the location entropy and industrial agglomeration competition state model. The concentration and competition situation of rural tourism in each county (district) of Hexi corridor had certain differences, including three kinds, dominant areas, potential areas and inferior areas. The counties (districts) which belonged to the dominant county (district) accounted for 50% of the total number of counties (districts) in the Hexi corridor, mainly concentrated in the central part of the Hexi corridor, and the rural tourism industry advantage zone dominated by Zhangye city was gradually formed. The counties (districts) which belonged to the potential county (district ) accounted for 15% of the total number of Hexi corridor counties (districts). The industrial competition was constantly increasing, but it still had certain instability. The counties (districts) in which rural tourism industry belonged to the disadvantaged counties (districts) accounted for 35% of the total number of counties (districts) in Hexi Corridor, of which Wuwei city was the most. The spatial distribution of tourism and the competitive situation of rural tourism in each county (district) of Hexi corridor are uneven. The concentration of rural tourism industry in different counties (districts) is obviously different. The rural tourism industry dominant area dominated by Zhangye City is gradually formed. However, the instability of rural tourism industry in other regions is still high, so the government should pay much attention to them.
Key words:  countryside tour  industry concentration  competitive state model  location entropy  Hexi corridor
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