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引用本文:崔亚飞,周荣.基于Meta的农户农药使用行为影响因素综合效应量评估[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(8):29~37
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基于Meta的农户农药使用行为影响因素综合效应量评估
崔亚飞, 周荣
安徽财经大学财政与公共管理学院,蚌埠233030
摘要:
[目的]厘清农户农药使用行为的影响因素及其效应,对开展农药使用有效治理和推动农业生态环境可持续发展的科学决策至关重要。[方法]基于已有中国农户农药使用行为影响因素的实证文献,利用Meta分析法,首次对实证研究结论的综合效应量进行了评估。[结果]男性性别、年龄、种植经验和家庭人口属于负向影响因素,而农药使用技能培训、农药相关知识、受教育水平、政府补贴、家庭年收入、合作社组织、零售商推荐属于正向影响因素,但种植面积的作用方向仍存在分歧。[结论]已有实证文献筛选的影响因素综合效应大多属于中相关性和弱相关性范畴,尚缺少强相关性范畴的影响因素; 农药使用技能培训和农药相关知识均比受教育水平具有更高的正向作用,而当前普遍实施的政府补贴措施仅属于弱相关性影响因素。评估结论对进一步明确影响因素研究方向,以及完善农业生态环境治理均具有重要参考意义。
关键词:  农业生态环境农药使用行为影响因素Meta分析综合效应量
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基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“公众参与环境保护的多维驱动机制及其传导效应研究”(15BJY055); 2017年度安徽高校优秀青年人才支持计划重点项目(GXYQZD2017049)
EVALUATION OF THE OVERALL EFFECT OF INFLUENCING FACTORS OF CHINESE FARMERS′ PESTICIDE USE BEHAVIOR BASED ON META
Cui Yafei, Zhou Rong
School of Public Finance and Administration, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu,Anhui 233030,China
Abstract:
To clarify the influencing factors and effects of pesticide use behavior of farmers, it is essential for scientific decision making to effectively control pesticide use and promote sustainable development of agro ecological environment. This paper used the Meta analysis to evaluate the overall effect of the research conclusion based on the empirical literatures on the influencing factors of pesticide use behavior of Chinese farmers. The results showed that male gender, age, planting experience and family population were negative factors, while pesticide use skills training, pesticide related knowledge, education level, government subsidies, family annual income, cooperative organizations, retailers recommendations were positive factors, but the direction of planting area still had differences. The overall effects of the influencing factors of empirical literatures are mostly in the middle and weak correlation categories, and there are still no influencing factors in the strong correlation category; pesticide use skills training and pesticide related knowledge has a higher positive effect than the level of education, and the current widespread implementation of government subsidies is only a weak correlation. The evaluation conclusions have important reference significance for further clarifying the research direction of influencing factors and improving the management of agro ecological environment.
Key words:  Agri ecological environment  pesticide use behavior  influencing factors  Meta analysis  overall effect
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