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引用本文:谭明交.农业农村双创工作的成效机制研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(8):209~218
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农业农村双创工作的成效机制研究
谭明交
长江师范学院管理学院、武陵山区特色资源开发与利用研究中心,重庆408100
摘要:
[目的]近年来,创新创业的热潮大力兴起,如何对农民双创工作的成效机制进行研究,成为文章研究的重点。通过对农民双创工作中的创业者特征、创业者关系、政策适应与农业农村双创收益机理的研究,找出创业企业绩效演变机理。[方法]收集2017年2—5月重庆24个地区1 855位农民的调查问卷,采用专家评价法对双创收益、创业培训、创业者社会关系和创业政策适应的测量项目进行因子分析。[结果]对农民双创收益的影响因素进行分析讨论,得出学历水平、创业动机、创业风险意识、创业经营模式以及创业培训均对双创收益的提升有促进作用; 创业者特征回归分析中R2值由022提升为032,ΔR2的值为034,说明自变量对因变量有预测作用; 创业者特征对双创收益值为0329,说明创业者的特征越高,其创业的绩效就越高; 创业政策回归分析中R2值由012增加到022,ΔR2的值为014,说明自变量对模型有预测能力,且政策越全面有效,对农民的双创收益提升效果越好; 创业者社会关系回归分析中R2值由0098提升为0175,ΔR2由0175增长为0433,说明创业者的社会关系越好,农民的双创收益越高。[结论]研究结果说明农业农村双创工作中创业者特征、创业者社会关系以及政策适应可提升创新创业机制的完善,提升双创收益。
关键词:  农业双创工作成效机制研究绩效回归分析
DOI:
分类号:F320
基金项目:2019年度国家民委民族研究项目“武陵山片区特色产业加快脱贫奔小康的路径与对策研究”;重庆市教委2019年度人文社科研究项目“重庆三峡库区柑橘产业区域比较优势及振兴路径研究”; 重庆市涪陵区2019年度人文社科规划项目“涪陵特色园艺产业高质量发展路径与政策创新研究”(SKGHYBL201901)
RESEARCH ON THE EFFECTIVENESS MECHANISM OF AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DUAL CREATION WORK
Tan Mingjiao1,2
1.College of Economics and Management, Yangtze Normal University;2.Wuling Mountain Area Characteristic Resources Research Center, Fuling, Chongqing 408100, China
Abstract:
In recent years, with the upsurging of innovation and entrepreneurship vigorously, it has become the focus question that how to study the effectiveness mechanism of farmers′ dual creation work. By studying the characteristics of entrepreneurs, the social relations of entrepreneurs, the policy adaptation, the income mechanism of the agricultural and rural dual creation work, the mechanism of the evolution of entrepreneurial performance can be found out. Taking the questionnaires collected the information of 1 855 farmers in 24 districts of Chongqing from February to May 2017 as the research object, this research used expert evaluation method to analyze the factors of dual income, entrepreneurship training, entrepreneurs′ social relations and entrepreneurship policy adaptation. By analyzing and discussing the influencing factors of farmers′ dual income, the main factors concluded that academic level, entrepreneurial motivation, entrepreneurial risk awareness, entrepreneurial business model and entrepreneurship training all contributed to the improvement of double innovation income; The R2 value was increased from 0.22 to 0.32, and the ΔR2 value was 0.34, indicating that the independent variable had a predictive effect on the dependent variable in the regression analysis of entrepreneurs′ characteristics. The coefficient of the entrepreneur′s characteristic to a dual income return factor was 0.329, indicating that the higher the characteristics of the entrepreneur, the higher the performance of the entrepreneur; The ΔR2 value was increased from 0.12 to 0.22, and the ΔR2 value was 0.14, indicating that the independent variable had predictive ability in the regression analysis of entrepreneurship policy, and the more comprehensive and effective the policy, the better the effect of enhancing the dual income of farmers. The ΔR2 value was increased from 0.098 to 0.175, ΔR2 from 0.175 to 0.433 in the regression analysis of social relationship of entrepreneurs, indicating that the better the social relationship of entrepreneurs, the higher the farmers′ double income. The research results show that the characteristics of entrepreneurs, the social relationship of entrepreneurs and the policy adaptation can improve the innovation and entrepreneurship mechanism and enhance the dual income in agricultural and rural dual creation work.
Key words:  agriculture  dual creative work  effectiveness mechanism  research  performance  regression analysis
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