• 首页 | 主办单位 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 作者指南 | 刊物订阅 | 下载中心 | 联系我们 | English | 期刊界
引用本文:卓仑·木塔力甫,谭刚,刘新平,李钊.精准扶贫背景下贫困人口持续脱贫问题研究*——基于新疆维吾尔自治区乌恰县的分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(9):225~234
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 52次   下载 37 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
精准扶贫背景下贫困人口持续脱贫问题研究*——基于新疆维吾尔自治区乌恰县的分析
卓仑·木塔力甫, 谭刚, 刘新平, 李钊
新疆农业大学管理学院,乌鲁木齐830052
摘要:
[目的]深入研究新疆维吾尔自治区乌恰县贫困人口的生计状况及其致贫原因,为精准扶贫及巩固脱贫成果提供决策参考。[方法]基于乌恰县扶贫开发办公室所提供的官方数据,文章采用描述性统计分析和比较分析的研究方法,揭示了乌恰县贫困类型、贫困程度及其致贫原因。[结果](1)乌恰县精准扶贫的主要成效体现在贫困人口数量逐步减少、贫困发生率明显降低。(2)2017年乌恰县贫困人口1923 9万人,其中已脱贫9836%人,未脱贫164%人。(3)实现不享受政策脱贫的人口占比仅有119%,高达881%的脱贫人口依旧享受政策。[结论]由于乌恰县贫困人口生计的脆弱性、对政府的依赖性以及贫困线变动的可能性,即便在2020年之前实现了全县贫困人口全部脱贫的工作目标,也并不意味着减贫工作的终结。同时,制约乌恰县精准扶贫成果持续性的主要阻碍在于自然环境恶劣、县域产业结构失衡、贫困人口受教育程度水平低、脱贫能力和劳动技能偏低以及贫困人口致贫原因类型多样。最后,文章提出了有助于长期稳固脱贫工作成果的对策建议。
关键词:  精准扶贫贫困人口持续脱贫乌恰县
DOI:
分类号:F3238
基金项目:新疆维吾尔自治区社科基金项目(2016BJL101)
RESEARCH ON SUSTAINED POVERTY ALLEVIATION OF IMPOVERISHED PEOPLE IN THE CONTEXT OF TARGETED POVERTY ALLEVIATION*——ANALYSIS BASED ON WUQIA COUNTY, XINJIANG UYGUR AUTONOMOUS REGION
Zhuolun·Mutalifu, Tan Gang, Liu Xinping, Li Zhao
Xinjiang Agricultural University School of Management,Urumqi, Xinjiang 830052,China
Abstract:
In depth study of the livelihoods of the poor population in Wuqia county of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and the causes of poverty, so as to provide decision making reference for the accurate poverty alleviation and the consolidation of poverty alleviation results. Based on the official data provided by the Wucha County Poverty Alleviation and Development Office, this research used descriptive statistical analysis and comparative analysis methods to reveal the types of poverty, poverty levels and causes of poverty in Wuqia county. The main results of the precise poverty alleviation in Wuqia county were reflected in the gradual reduction of the number of poor people and the significant decrease in the incidence of poverty. In 2017, there were 19 239 poor people in Wuqia county, of which 98.36% were out of poverty and 1.64% were not out of poverty. However, the proportion of people who did not enjoy policy poverty alleviation was only 11.9%, and up to 88.1% of the population who were out of poverty still enjoyed the policy. Due to the fragility of the livelihood of the poor population in Wuqia county, the dependence on the government and the possibility of changes in the poverty line, even if the goal of poverty alleviation in the county is achieved before 2020, it does not mean that poverty alleviation work end. At the same time, the main obstacles restricting the sustainability of the precision poverty alleviation achievements in Wuqi county are the poor natural environment, the imbalance of the county industrial structure, the low level of education of the poor, the poverty alleviation and labor skills, and the various causes of poverty caused by the poor. Finally, the research proposes countermeasures that contribute to the long term stability of poverty alleviation work.
Key words:  targeted poverty reduction  impoverished population  continuous poverty alleviation  Wuqia county
版权所有:  您是本站第    位访问者
主管单位:中华人民共和国农业部 主办单位:中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 中国农业资源与区划学会 地址:北京市中关村南大街12号
电话:010-82109647 82108697 电子邮件:quhuabjb@caas.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备11039015号