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引用本文:肖琴,罗其友.国家现代农业产业园建设现状、问题与对策[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(11):57~62
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国家现代农业产业园建设现状、问题与对策
肖琴, 罗其友
中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京100081
摘要:
[目的]现代农业产业园作为探索农业农村发展新模式的重要载体,是推动乡村产业振兴的重要抓手,对其进行深入研究,具有重要的理论价值和实践意义。[方法]基于62个国家现代农业产业园的调研,综合性解读现代农业产业园的内涵,系统总结国家现代农业产业园建设成效,深入剖析国家现代农业产业园创建过程中存在的问题,并提出对策建议。[结果]国家现代农业产业园建设取得了积极成效,但存在着主导产业选择非粮化同质化倾向明显、一、二、三产业融合有待深化、农民参与度偏低、财政资金投入方式单一等问题。[结论]需要优化主导产业选择、深入推进一、二、三产业融合、完善利益联结机制、丰富财政资金投入方式、加强监测评价,以更好推进国家现代农业产业园建设。
关键词:  现代农业产业园内涵成效问题对策
DOI:
分类号:F323
基金项目:中央农办、农业农村部乡村振兴专家咨询委员会软科学课题“十四五”建设现代农业园区引领驱动产业兴旺研究(20190242); 中国农业科学院科技创新工程(ASTIP IARRP 2019)
CONSTRUCTION STATUS, PROBLEMS AND COUNTERMEASURES OF NATIONAL MODERN AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL PARK
Xiao Qin, Luo Qiyou
Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
In order to explore the new model of agricultural and rural development, modern agricultural industrial park as an important carrier is also an anchor point to promote the revitalization of rural industry. Therefore, there will be important theoretical and practical significance to conduct in depth study on it. Based on the investigation of 62 national modern agricultural industrial parks, this paper comprehensively interprets the connotation of modern agricultural industrial parks, systematically summarizes the construction achievements of national modern agricultural industrial parks, deeply analyzes the existing problems, and proposes the constructive countermeasures. All in all, The construction of national modern agricultural industrial parks has achieved more positive results, but problems indeed exist, such as the non grainization and homogenization tendency of dominant industrial selection, ,the lack of integration of the first, second and third level industries, the low farmers′ participation, and the uniform model of financial investment. It is necessary to optimize the selection of leading industries, promote the integration of the first, second and third level industries, improve the mechanism of interest linkage, enrich the model of financial investment, and strengthen the monitoring and evaluation, to better promote the construction of national modern agricultural industrial parks.
Key words:  modern agricultural park  connotation  achievements  problems  countermeasures
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