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引用本文:庞艳华.河南省乡村旅游与乡村振兴耦合关联分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(11):315~320
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河南省乡村旅游与乡村振兴耦合关联分析
庞艳华
郑州商学院,河南郑州450000
摘要:
[目的]通过对乡村旅游与乡村振兴之间的耦合关联度进行分析,将有利于促进农业产业转型升级,带动一、三产业融合,对加快乡村振兴具有重要意义。[方法]在构建河南省乡村旅游与乡村振兴两系统发展水平指标的基础上,采用熵值法和加权法评价2010—2016年乡村旅游与乡村振兴发展状况,采用灰色关联模型定量分析系统内各指标之间的关联度和乡村旅游发展与乡村振兴之间的耦合度。[结果](1)2010—2016年,河南省乡村旅游与乡村振兴发展水平评价分值均呈显著上升趋势。其中乡村振兴评价分值由2010年的0167提高到2016年0855,乡村旅游评价分值由2010年的0026提高到2016年的0994。乡村旅游与乡村振兴两系统由较强的耦合作用发展成为很强的耦合作用。(2)对乡村旅游发展与乡村振兴的耦合关系进行主要因素分析,发现乡村旅游总人次和国家级休闲农业与乡村旅游示范点与乡村振兴子系统的关联度较高,分别为0834和0821,属于较高关联; 自来水受益村数和城镇化率与乡村旅游子系统的关联度较高,分别为0877和0866,属于高关联。[结论]河南省乡村旅游与乡村建设取得明显成效,两系统之间的耦合发展关系很强,但目前还存在较大发展空间,需继续探索实现乡村旅游与乡村振兴的高水平耦合协调发展路径。
关键词:  乡村旅游乡村振兴耦合关联分析发展水平河南
DOI:
分类号:F323; F590
基金项目:河南省民办教育协会课题“河南旅游业发展研究——巩义市打造特色旅游小镇的启示”(HMXL-20170528); 河南省社科联、河南省经团联调研课题“郑州环城游憩带旅游性规划设计与提升国家中心城市建设研究”(SKL-2018-3463)
COUPLING ASSOCIATION ANALYSIS OF RURAL TOURISM AND RURAL REVITALIZATION IN HENAN PROVINCE
Pang Yanhua
Zhengzhou Business University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450000, China
Abstract:
By analyzing the coupling degree between rural tourism and rural revitalization, it will be beneficial to promote the transformation and upgrading of agricultural industry and promote the integration of one or three industries, which is of great significance for accelerating rural revitalization. On the basis of constructing the development index of rural tourism and rural revitalization in Henan province, the entropy method and weighting method were used to evaluate the development of rural tourism and rural construction from 2010 to 2016, and the gray correlation model was used to quantitatively analyze the degree of correlation between various indicators in the system and the coupling degree between rural tourism development and rural revitalization. From 2010 to 2016, the evaluation scores of rural tourism and rural development level in Henan province showed a significant upward trend. Among them, the rural revitalization evaluation score increased from 0.167 2 in 2010 to 0.853 5 in 2016, and the rural tourism evaluation score increased from 0.026 1 in 2010 to 0.993 9 in 2016. The two systems of rural tourism and rural revitalization had developed into stronger coupling effects by strong coupling. By analyzing the main factors of the coupling relationship between rural tourism development and rural revitalization, it was found that the total number of rural tourism and national leisure agriculture and rural tourism demonstration sites were highly correlated with rural revitalization subsystem, which were 0.834 and 0.821, respectively. The number of villages benefiting from tap water and the urbanization rate were highly correlated with the rural tourism subsystem and the correlation degree of the system was high, which was 0.877 and 0.866, respectively. In summary, the rural tourism and rural construction in Henan province have achieved remarkable results. The relationship between the two systems is very strong. However, there is still a large space for development. It is necessary to continue to explore a high level coupling and coordinated development path for rural tourism and rural revitalization.
Key words:  rural tourism  rural revitalization  coupling association analysis  development level  Henan
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