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引用本文:李颖慧,刘成杰,黄帅金.重庆市农业生产性服务供给路径优化研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(12):123~132
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重庆市农业生产性服务供给路径优化研究
李颖慧1,刘成杰2※,黄帅金2
1.重庆工商大学长江上游经济研究中心,重庆400067; 2.重庆工商大学经济学院,重庆400067
摘要:
[目的]改革开放以来,随着经济社会的发展我国农业总产值不断提高,农业生产的物质投入日益增加并接近饱和,然而,农业生产效率未见显著提升,农产品竞争力不足。在此背景下,文章以生产性服务融入农业生产可以有效提升重庆市农业劳动生产率为逻辑起点,研究农业生产性服务提升重庆市农业劳动生产率的有效路径。[方法]利用投入产出表数据,在分析2002年以来重庆市农业生产性服务的投入水平和趋势的基础上,利用中间投入率等指标着重分析重庆市农业生产性服务投入的来源(供给)和去向结构性的变化,探寻重庆市农业生产性服务供给水平和内部结构的短板所在。[结果]重庆市农业生产性服务的总体投入水平偏低,传统服务仍占主导地位,现代要素的投入不足,政府组织的作用有所弱化,农业的销售类服务需求激增,对种植业的投入是短板。[结论]通过提高政府责任、创新农业经营体制、整合农业全产业链生产性服务供给、三产融合发展、培育新型服务主体可以优化重庆市农业生产性服务供给,有效提升重庆市农业生产性服务发展。
关键词:  农业生产性服务业投入产出供给结构农业劳动生产效率路径优化
DOI:
分类号:F3233
基金项目:重庆市教委人文社科规划项目“乡村振兴战略视域下重庆市产业扶贫长效机制研究”(18SKGH071); 重庆市社科规划重大应用项目“均衡培育重庆经济发展新动力对策研究”(2017ZDYY49)
RESEARCH ON THE OPTIMIZATION OF THE SUPPLY ROUTE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVE SERVICE IN CHONGQING
Li Yinghui1, Liu Chengjie2※, Huang Shuaijin2
1. Research Center of the Economy of the Upper Reaches of Yangtze River, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China;2. School of Economics Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China
Abstract:
Since the reform and opening up, with the development of the economic and social development, the total output value of agricultural production has been increasing, and the material input of agricultural production is increasing and approaching saturation. However, the efficiency of agricultural production has not been significantly improved, and the competitiveness of agricultural products is insufficient. In this context, the integration of productive services into agricultural production can effectively improve the agricultural labor productivity in Chongqing as a logical starting point and study the effective path of agricultural productive services to promote agricultural productivity in Chongqing. Based on the data of input output table and the analysis of the input level and trend of the agricultural productive service in Chongqing since 2002, the changes in the source (supply) and the structure of the agricultural productive service in Chongqing are analyzed by the index of the intermediate input rate, and the supply level of agricultural productive service in Chongqing is explored and the supply level of agricultural productive service is explored. The short plate of the internal structure is located. The research shows that the overall input level of agricultural productive services in Chongqing is low, the traditional services still dominate, the input of modern elements is insufficient, the role of government organizations is weakening, the demand for agricultural sales services is increasing, and the investment in the planting industry is short board. By improving the government′s responsibility, innovating the agricultural management system, integrating the production service supply of the agricultural whole industry chain, the three production integration and development, and cultivating the new service body, the agricultural productive service supply can be optimized in Chongqing, and the agricultural productive service development in Chongqing can be effectively promoted.
Key words:  Agricultural producer services  Input and output  Supply structure  Agricultural labor productivity  Path optimization
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