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引用本文:刘春雨,刘英英,李萍,陈秋霞.生态文明视角下泉州市新型城镇化发展水平研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2019,40(12):154~160
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生态文明视角下泉州市新型城镇化发展水平研究
刘春雨1,2※,刘英英1,2,李萍3,陈秋霞1
1.华侨大学政治与公共管理学院,福建泉州362021; 2.华侨大学政治发展与公共治理研究中心,福建泉州362021; 3.北京航空航天大学人文社会科学学院,北京100081
摘要:
[目的]在尊重自然规律的基础上,通过测度泉州市新型城镇化发展水平,明确新型城镇化的优缺点,有利于经济与环境、城市与乡村之间协调发展。[方法]文章以泉州市为靶区,从社会生活、经济发展和生态环境3个层面构建指标体系,利用变异系数确定指标权重,并通过评价模型定量估算泉州市新型城镇化发展水平。[结果](1)在2000—2015年,在社会发展系统和经济发展系统上晋江市发展最好,洛江区发展最差; 在生态环境系统上南安市发展最好,发展最差是惠安县, 3个层面内都有一定的波动。(2)泉州市新型城镇化发展水平处于0246 5~0805 0之间,呈现“中间高,边缘低”的空间分布; 泉州市新型城镇化发展水平中晋江市(0805 0)最高,洛江区(0246 5)最低,它们之间差距近2倍,城市差异明显,存在一定的聚集状态。[结论]今后,亟需从社会生活系统、经济发展系统和生态环境系统3个层面同步发展,推动泉州市新型城镇化永续发展,以期为新型城镇化发展水平定量研究提供基础。
关键词:  生态文明发展水平新型城镇化变异系数泉州市
DOI:
分类号:F2911
基金项目:福建省社会科学规划一般项目“资源环境约束下福建省新型城镇化测度与异质性研究”(FJ2019B135); 中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目·华侨大学哲学社会科学青年学者成长工程项目“生态文明视角下福建省新型城镇化与城市生态环境耦合机制及对策研究”(17SKGC-QT03); 泉州市社会科学规划一般项目“资源环境约束下泉州市人居环境质量评价及对策”(2019D01)
A STUDY ON NEW URBANIZATION LEVEL EVALUATION INDEX SYSTEM OF QUANZHOU FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF ECOLOGICAL CIVILIZATION
Liu Chunyu1, 2※, Liu Yingying1,2, Li Ping3, Chen Qiuxia1
1. School of Political Science and Public Administration, Huaqiao University, Quanzhou, Fujian 362021, China; 2. Research Center of Political Development and Public Governance, Huaqiao University, Quanzhou, Fujian 362021, China; 3. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
On the basis of respecting the laws of nature, this study is conducive to the coordinated development between economy and environment, city and countryside, by measuring the development level of new type urbanization of Quanzhou city, and clarifying the advantages and disadvantages of new type urbanization. This study took Quanzhou as the target area and constructed an index system from three aspects, social life, economic development and ecological environment. It used the variation coefficient to determine the index weight and used the evaluation model to quantitatively estimate the development level of new type urbanization of Quanzhou. In the period of 2000 2015, Jinjiang had the best development level in social development system and economic development system, while Luojiang has the worst development level. The Nan′an had the best development level in the ecological environment system, while Hui′an had the worst development level during the same period. There was a certain degree of fluctuation in the three aspects. The development level of new type urbanization of Quanzhou was between 0.246 5 and 0.805 0, showing a spatial distribution feature of "high in the middle districts and low in the marginal districts". The development level of new type urbanization of Jinjiang was the highest (0.805 0), while Luojiang was the lowest (0.246 5), and the gap between them was nearly twice. The difference between districts was obvious and showed a certain aggregation state. In the future, it is urgent to promote the sustainable development of new type urbanization of Quanzhou from three aspects, social life system, economic development system and ecological environment system, in order to provide a basis for quantitative research on the development level of new type urbanization.
Key words:  ecological civilization  level of development  new type urbanization  variable coefficient  Quanzhou city
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