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引用本文:谢贤鑫,田云,陈美球,袁东波,廖小斌,姚冬莲.农户生态耕种行为及其影响因素研究*——以江西省为例[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(1):38~47
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农户生态耕种行为及其影响因素研究*——以江西省为例
谢贤鑫1,田云2,陈美球1※,袁东波1,廖小斌1,姚冬莲1
1.江西农业大学农村土地资源利用与保护研究中心/江西省鄱阳湖流域农业资源与生态重点实验室,南昌330045; 2.江西应用技术职业学院,赣州341000
摘要:
[目的]为清晰识别影响农户生态耕种行为的主要因素,以期为加强耕地生态保护、保障农作物质量安全、提升农户耕种收益、实现农业现代化目标提供参考。[方法]基于江西省11市47县(区)1 488份农户微观调查数据,在分析农户生态耕种特征基础上,运用二元Logistic和Probit模型对农户生态耕种行为影响因素开展实证研究。[结果]农户生态耕种10种具体行为的采纳情况差异明显,其中施用有机肥采纳程度最高,生态农业模式采纳程度最低。农户采纳生态耕种整体水平不高,但仍具备进一步推广的潜力。家庭劳动力比重、生态耕种成本认知、新型农业经营主体、法律法规认知、生态耕种收益认知、生计分化和生态环境认知等解释变量是影响农户生态耕种行为的主要内部因素,政府补贴、农田基础设施、生产交流程度、耕地质量变化和生态耕种信息获取难度等则是主要的外部影响因素。[结论]政府及基层管理部门应在推动农户非农就业生计、大力培育新型农业经营主体、加强生态耕种宣传与推广、完善政策扶持与管控机制等方面制定针对性的政策措施。
关键词:  生态耕种农业面源污染江西省Logistic模型Probit模型
DOI:
分类号:F32321
基金项目:国家自然科学基金“不同经营主体的环境友好型技术采纳行为、相互影响机理及激励对策研究”(71964016); 2017年江西农业大学研究生创新项目“农户生态耕种认知、行为及影响因素研究——以赣南山区为例”(NDYC2017 S004); 2018年江西省青年马克思主义者理论研究创新工程项目“农户生态耕种行为及其影响因素研究——以江西省为例”(18QM98)
THE FAMERS′ ECOLOGICAL FARMING BEHAVIOR AND THE INFLUENCING FACTORS*——A CASE STUDY IN JIANGXI PROVINCE
Xie Xianxin1,Tian Yun2,Chen Meiqiu1※,Yuan Dongbo1,Liao Xiaobin1,Yao Donglian1
1. Research Center on Rural Land Resources Use and Protection/Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Watershed Agricultural Resources and Ecology of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang,Jiangxi 330045, China; 2. Jiangxi Applied Technology Vocational College, Ganzhou, Jiangxi 341000, China
Abstract:
In order to clearly identify the main factors affecting the ecological farming behavior of farmers, this paper aims to provide references to strengthen the ecological protection of arable land, ensure the quality and safety of crops, improve the farming income of farmers and achieve the goals of agricultural modernization. Based on the micro survey data of 1 488 peasant households in 47 counties (districts) of 11 cities in Jiangxi province, and on the basis of analyzing the characteristics of farmers′ ecological farming, this paper used Binary Logistic and Probit model to carry out empirical research on the influencing factors of farmers′ ecological farming behavior. The results showed that there were obvious differences in the adoption of ten specific behaviors of farmers in ecological farming. Among them, the application of organic fertilizer was the highest, and the ecological agriculture model was the lowest. The overall level of farmers′ adoption of ecological farming was not high, but still had the potential for further promotion. The main internal factors affecting the farmer′s ecological farming behavior had proportion of family labor, ecological farming costs recognition, new agribusiness entities, cognition of laws and regulations, ecological farming revenue recognition, farmers living differentiation and ecological environment cognition. The main external factors were government subsidy, farmland infrastructure, the degree of production communication, the change of cultivated land quality and the difficulty of obtaining information of ecological farming. The government and grass roots management departments should formulate targeted policies and measures in promoting non agricultural employment livelihoods of farmers, vigorously cultivating new agribusiness entities, strengthening publicity and promotion of ecological farming, and improving policy support and control mechanisms.
Key words:  ecological farming  agricultural non point source pollution  Jiangxi province  Logistic model  Probit model
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