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引用本文:张军,郑循刚.基于使用权的农村土地增值收益分配改革思路[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(1):66~73
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基于使用权的农村土地增值收益分配改革思路
张军1, 2,郑循刚1※
1.四川农业大学管理学院,成都611130; 2.西南大学商贸学院,重庆402460
摘要:
[目的]以公私兼顾、公平与效率兼顾的土地增值收益分配为目标,提出基于使用权的农村土地增值收益分配改革思路。[方法]通过理论联系实际,首先分析农村土地增值收益分配的逻辑基础,包括:公平的逻辑基础——土地增值收益来源,以及效率的逻辑基础——明晰的产权制度; 然后以现有土地产权结构和实践经验为基础,完成新型农村土地增值收益分配改革思路的提炼。[结果]在现有产权制度框架下,提炼了一个基于使用权的农村土地增值收益分配改革思路与模式框架,并借鉴现阶段各地区的改革实践经验,探讨了未来可实现的具体模式与改革方向,最后提出了基于使用权的农村土地增值收益分配的制度保障。[结论]基于使用权的农村土地增值收益分配模式更好地发挥了市场在土地资源配置中的基础性作用,规避了现有土地增值收益分配模式的诸多弊端,较好地实现了公平与效率兼顾的农村土地增值收益分配目标。
关键词:  农村土地土地使用权土地发展权规划管制土地增值收益分配
DOI:
分类号:F3011
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划项目“城镇近郊区空心村整治关键技术集成与示范”(批准号: 2014BAL01B04); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金“多元主体参与下农村社区灾害管理模式研究”(批准号:SWU1409188)
APPROACH TO THE DISTRIBUTION REFORM OF RURAL LAND VALVE ADDED INCOME BASED ON THE RIGHT TO USE
Zhang Jun1,2,Zheng Xungang1※
1. School of Management, Sichuan Agricultural University,Chengdu, Sichuan 611130, China;2. School of Business, Southwest University,Chongqing 402460, China
Abstract:
Aiming at the distribution of land value added income, which takes into account both public and private interests, equity and efficiency, this paper puts forward a new approach of rural land value added income distribution reform based on the right to use. By integrating theory with practice, the paper firstly analyzed the logical basis of the distribution of rural land value added income, including the logical basis of fairness, the source of land value added income, and the logical basis of efficiency, clear property rights system. Following that, based on the existing land property rights structure and practical experience, it refined an approach and model framework of the rural land value added income distribution reform based on the right to use, drew lessons from the current regional reform experience, and explored the specific model and reform direction that could be realized in the future. Finally, it put forward the system guarantee for the distribution of rural land value added income based on the right to use. The allocation model of rural land value added income based on the right to use better helps the market play an essential role in the allocation of land resources, avoids many disadvantages of the existing allocation model of land value added income, and achieves the goal of allocation of rural land value added income with fairness and efficiency.
Key words:  rural land  land use right  land development right  planning and control  land value added income distribution
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