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引用本文:杨琨,刘鹏飞.欠发达地区失地农民生计方式对生计资本变化的响应*——以兰州市安宁区为例[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(1):269~277
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欠发达地区失地农民生计方式对生计资本变化的响应*——以兰州市安宁区为例
杨琨1, 2, 3※,刘鹏飞2
1.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院,甘肃兰州730000; 2.兰州城市学院商学院,甘肃兰州730070;3.中国科学院大学,北京100049
摘要:
[目的]明确失地农民生计方式选择对生计资本变化的响应,对于制定有效的扶持政策、实现精准扶贫、消除返贫隐患非常重要。[方法]基于参与式的农村评估法(PRA)获取的调查问卷,分析了当前甘肃省兰州市安宁区失地农民的主要生计方式以及影响其非农就业的主要因子,并进一步运用多项Logistic模型探讨失地农民职业分化对上述因子的响应。[结果](1)个体特征和人力资本差异不仅影响兰州安宁区失地农民就业水平,也显著影响职业分化。职业层次越高,失地农民转移就业概率对性别差异、教育程度、年龄及职业资格水平越敏感; (2)征地补偿转化形成的财产性收入及转移性收入对转移就业后各层次职业的就业水平都具有显著负向影响; (3)地理空间异质性对中低层次就业影响更显著。[结论]生计资本数量不仅影响失地农民生计方式能否向非农产业转移,同时影响其对较高层次职业的获取,进而影响其生计转型后的稳定性以及可持续性。
关键词:  失地农民生计方式职业分化欠发达地区可持续生计
DOI:
分类号:K901
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“精准扶贫政策对西部贫困地区农户可持续生计的影响研究”(17BJY133); 甘肃省社科规划项目“甘肃省少数民族地区城镇化发展进程研究——基于内部耦合的视角”(YB 111); 兰州城市学院青年教师科研资助项目“西部欠发达地区城市新区失地农民市民化问题研究”(LZCU QN2018 18)
SHORT TERM TRESPONSES OF LAND LSOT PEASANTS′ LIVELIHOOD ACTIVITIES TO THE CHANGES OF LIVELIHOOD CAPITAL IN UNDERDEVELOPED REGION*——EVIDENCE FROM SOCIAL SURVEY IN LANZHOU ANNING DISTRICT
Yang Kun1,2,3※, Liu Pengfei2
1.Northwest Institute of Eco Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou,Gansu 730000, China;2. Business School, Lanzhou City University, Lanzhou,Gansu 730070, China;3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract:
To define the response of land lost peasants′ livelihood activities to the change of livelihood capitals is critical to develop effectively support policy for land lost peasants, to achieve the precise poverty reduction and eliminate the probability of return to poverty. Based on the questionnaires, this paper characterized the main livelihood activities of land lost peasants in Anning district of Lanzhou and analyzed the influencing factors of non farm employment. In addition, the paper assessed the response of occupational differentiation to above factors by multivariate logistic model. We found that:(1) Individual characteristics and human capital differences not only affected the employment level of land lost peasants′ in Anning District of Lanzhou, but also significantly affected occupational differentiation. The higher occupational level of workers, the more sensitive the employment probability was to gender differences, age, education level and professional skills. (2) The property income and transfer income obtained through cultivated land expropriation were the key factors that affected the employment of the land lost peasants, and had a significant negative impact on the employment of all occupation levels. (3) Geospatial heterogeneity had a more significant impact on the employment level of the lost land peasants, and the low and middle level employment. Therefore, not only the transfer of livelihood activites and accessible to higher level occupations, but the stability and sustainability of livelihood transformation are affected by the amount of livelihood capitals.
Key words:  land lost peasant  livelihood activities  occupational differentiation  underdeveloped region  sustainable livelihoods
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