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引用本文:吴九兴.基于产权与利用视角的台中市土地变化分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(2):75~81
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基于产权与利用视角的台中市土地变化分析
吴九兴1,2
1.南京大学政府管理学院,江苏南京210023; 2.安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院,安徽芜湖241002
摘要:
[目的]以台湾省台中市为研究对象,利用多源统计数据,对其2011—2015年土地产权变化及土地利用变化进行分析,以揭示台中市几年来土地产权变化和土地利用变化的主要特征。[方法]文章主要采用描述性分析和统计分析方法。[结果](1)2011—2014年台中市共计增加登记土地产权面积621 hm2,公私共有产权土地面积先减少后增加,至2014年达到643hm2。(2)已登记非都市土地总面积,从2011年起处于先减少、后增加的趋势,特别是2014年已登记非都市土地总面积增加较多,相对于2013年增加了1419 6万hm2。(3)都市发展区中的住宅用地、商业用地、文教用地、特定专用区的面积皆有增长,而工业用地、公共设施用地、其他区的面积有所下降; 非都市发展区中的保护区面积比较稳定,而农业区、风景区和河川区的面积处在调整的状态。[结论](1)台中市私有土地面积占比处于下降趋势,但整体不是非常明显; 土地所有制包括公有、私有和公私共有等多种形式完全可以共存; 台中市外国人取得的土地所有权数量在总体上增减变化不大; (2)台中市都市发展区用地虽有增长但增幅较小,而都市区土地、非都市区土地内部的用途竞争导致了各类用地功能区的面积此消彼长; 土地所有制对城市用地扩展没有构成制约,即土地所有制不是城市发展的分歧所在; (3)非都市土地转换为都市土地,不仅取决于各类土地竞租能力的差异,还取决于都市发展计划与土地使用分区管制,土地用途转换应以经济高质量发展与居民社会福利增进为目标。最后,提出完善土地权利结构体系,增加公有土地面积占比来保障社会公共福利等政策建议。
关键词:  土地产权土地利用都市扩张土地使用分区台中市
DOI:
分类号:F301
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究项目“农村宅基地有序退出机制研究”(14YJC630138)
ANALYSIS OF LAND CHANGE IN TAICHUNG CITY FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF LAND OWNERSHIP AND LAND USE
Wu Jiuxing1,2
1. School of Government, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China; 2. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241002, China
Abstract:
Taking Taichung city in Taiwan province as a case study area, this research uses multi source statistical data to analyze its land ownership change and land use change from 2011 to 2015, which reveals the main characteristics of land ownership change and land use change in Taichung city for several years. The descriptive analysis and statistical analysis methods were mainly used in this paper. The results indicated that (1) The total area of registered land property rights increased by 621 hm2 in Taizhong from 2011 to 2014.The area of public and private land decreased first, then increased to 643 hm2 in 2014. (2) The total area of registered non urban land had been decreasing first, and then increasing since 2011, especially the total area of registered non urban land increased significantly in 2014, and compared with 2013, it increased by 14196 hm2. (3) The areas of residential, commercial, cultural and educational, and special purpose areas in urban development zones had increased, while the areas of industrial, public facilities and other areas had declined. By contrast, the area of protected areas in non urban development zones had been relatively stable. Specifically, the areas of agricultural, scenic and river areas were in a state of adjustment. The main conclusions of the paper are shown as follows. (1) The proportion of private land area in Taichung city is on a downward trend, but it is not very significant as a whole. Land ownership (either public or private) and public private ownership, could coexist. For non urban land, the total amount of land ownership obtained by foreigners in Taichung city had not been changed significantly in general. (2) Due to the existence of reverse urbanization, the urban land area in Taichung city Development Zone have slightly increased, while the land use competition within the urban area has curtailed various types of functional areas in size. Land ownership do not restrict to urban land, and land ownership is not the difference between urban development. (3) Non urban land is converted into urban land. This attributes not only to the differences in rents between land use types, but also to urban development plans and land use zoning controls. Land use conversion should aim at high quality economic development and the improvement of residents′ social welfare. Finally, this paper provides policy suggestions, as to improving land rights structure and increasing the proportion of public land areas to protect social public welfare.
Key words:  land ownership  land use  urban sprawl  land use zoning  Taichung city
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