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引用本文:李刚.基于DEA的地级市新型城镇化效率差异化研究*——以河南省为例[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(2):109~115
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基于DEA的地级市新型城镇化效率差异化研究*——以河南省为例
李刚
郑州商学院,河南郑州451200
摘要:
[目的]为了对河南省地级市新型城镇化效率差异进行准确把握,努力改善城镇化差异,促进城镇化之间合理发展,缩减城镇化之间的距离。[方法]文章在前人研究的基础上,选取更加契合新型城镇化的投入产出指标,运用DEA方法计算河南省地级市新型城镇化效率,分析部分地级市新型城镇化DEA无效的原因。[结果](1)郑州市、鹤壁市、许昌市、漯河市、三门峡市、周口市及济源市的新型城镇化效率是DEA有效的,驻马店市、商丘市及信阳市的规模效率虽然是DEA无效的,但是纯技术效率却是有效的; (2)平顶山市、安阳市、新乡市、焦作市、濮阳市、南阳市、开封市及洛阳市的新型城镇化效率是DEA无效的,并具体分析了DEA无效的原因; (3)部分城市新型城镇化效率DEA无效的原因,一方面在于资源分配不合理、环境污染严重及资源消耗过多等,另一方面由于地方政府对新型城镇化内涵认识不足、管理不当等造成的。[结论]在以上分析DEA的差异化基础之上,可以从地方政府管理、资源合理分配、节约资源及环境保护等角度入手,提升河南省新型城镇化效率,并注重以人为本,全面提升新型城镇化水平,加快建设中国特色社会主义的强国梦。
关键词:  DEA新型城镇化效率原因分析对策建议河南省
DOI:
分类号:F2911
基金项目:河南省哲学社会科学规划项目“河南推动新型城镇化健康持续发展研究”(2016BJJ051); 河南省科技发展计划项目(软科学)“河洛姓氏文化及其乡村旅游开发研究”(182400410442)
STUDY ON THE EFFICIENCY DIFFERENTIATION OF NEW URBANIZATION IN PREFECTURE LEVEL CITIES BASED ON DEA——A CASE STUDY IN HENAN PROVINCE
Li Gang
Zhengzhou Business University, Zhengzhou, Henan 451200,China
Abstract:
In order to accurately find out the efficiency difference of new urbanization in municipal cities of Henan province, efforts are made to identify the difference, narrow the gap and promote its balanced development. Based on the previous studies, this paper selected input output indicators that were more in line with new urbanization, calculated the efficiency by using DEA method, and analyzed the causes for DEA invalidation in some cities. It was found that new urbanization efficiency in Zhengzhou, Hebi, Xuchang, Luohe, Sanmenxia, Zhoukou and Jiyuan was DEA valid; the scale efficiency of Zhumadian, Shangqiu and Xinyang was invalid, but the pure technical efficiency was effective. In Pingdingshan, Anyang, Xinxiang, Jiaozuo, Puyang, Nanyang, Kaifeng and Luoyang, the new urbanization efficiency was invalid, and a deep analysis was made to look for its reasons. DEA invalidation of new urbanization efficiency was caused by uneven distribution of natural resources, severe environmental pollution, excessive consumption of resources, and etc. There were some other reasons: insufficient understanding of new urbanization, the improper management and so on. Based on the differential analysis, the paper puts forward the corresponding countermeasures, from the perspective of government management, resources allocation and conservation, environmental protection, to improve the efficiency and level of the new urbanization in Henan, and to put people at the center of work and accelerate the building of the great modern socialist country.
Key words:  DEA  new urbanization efficiency  cause analysis  countermeasures  Henan province
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