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引用本文:李燕娜.湖南省新型城镇化质量指标体系构建及评价研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(2):172~177
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湖南省新型城镇化质量指标体系构建及评价研究
李燕娜
湖南财经工业职业技术学院现代物流系,衡阳421002
摘要:
[目的]新型城镇化是我国战略性调整经济结构的关键环节,通过构建指标体系以及评价研究,对于推进新型城镇化质量建设具有重要的现实意义。[方法]以农业大省湖南省为例,通过构建新型城镇化质量指标体系,进而结合主成分分析法对其进行评价研究。在分析新型城镇化内容的基础上,从人口城镇化、经济发展、城乡统筹和生态环境等4个方向构建了具体的20个评价指标。进而对主成分分析得出的4个主成分进行研究。[结果](1)主成分1在人均GDP、城镇居民人均消费支出、生产性服务业增加值对经济增长的贡献率和森林覆盖率等指标中载荷较大,主要是经济发展和生态环境指标;(2)主成分2在城乡居民恩格尔系数比重和养老保险覆盖率等指标中载荷较大,主要是城乡统筹指标;(3)主成分3在地表水达到Ⅲ类标准的比重和工业综合能源消耗量等指标中载荷较大,主要是生态环境指标;(4)主成分4在二、三产业从业人员比重和普通高中在校生等指标中载荷较大,主要是人口城镇化指标。(5)湖南省14个市区新型城镇化质量从高到低依次为长沙市(1911)、湘潭市(1567)、常德市(1537)、郴州市(1422)、株洲市(1408)、岳阳市(1325)、衡阳市(1312)、益阳市(1302)、娄底市(1224)、怀化市(0988)、邵阳市(0928)、湘西土家族苗族自治州(0926)、永州市(0890)和张家界市(0766),说明湖南省各市区新型城镇化质量发展不均衡。[结论]为有效促进湖南省新型城镇化质量水平的提高及各市区均衡发展,应推进人口城镇化的发展,经济水平的提高,推动城乡一体化发展,完善生态环境的建设。
关键词:  新型城镇化指标体系评价主成分分析法湖南省
DOI:
分类号:F29922
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究基金“休闲农业的产业链整合优化与扶持政策研究”(14YJC630097)
RESEARCH ON CONSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION OF NEW URBANIZATION QUALITY INDEX SYSTEM IN HUNAN PROVINCE
Li Yanna
Hunan Finance and Economics Vocational and Technical College, Hengyang, Hunan 421002, China
Abstract:
The new type of urbanization is the key link of China′s strategic adjustment of economic structure. It is of great practical significance to promote the construction of new urbanization quality through the construction of its index system and evaluation research. Taking Hunan province as an example, the new urbanization quality index system was constructed by combining with the principal component analysis method. On the basis of analyzing the new urbanization content, 20 specific evaluation indicators were constructed from four aspects, namely, population urbanization, economic development, urban and rural integration and ecological environment. Furthermore, the four principal components derived from principal component analysis were studied. The principal component 1 had a large load in indicators such as per capita GDP, per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents, contribution rate of productive service industry to economic growth, and forest coverage, mainly economic development and ecological environment indicators; the principal component 2 was in urban and rural areas. Residents Engel′s coefficient weight and pension insurance coverage and other indicators had larger loads, mainly urban and rural integration indicators; the main component 3 in the surface water to the proportion of the Class III standard and industrial comprehensive energy consumption and other indicators, the load was large, mainly ecological environmental indicators; the main component 4 had a large load in the proportion of employees in the secondary and tertiary industries and the indicators of ordinary high school students, mainly the indicators of population urbanization. In addition, the quality of new urbanization in 14 urban areas of Hunan province from high to low was Changsha city (1.911), Xiangtan city (1.567), Changde city (1.537), Zhangzhou city (1.422), Zhuzhou city (1.408), Yueyang city ( 1.325), Hengyang city (1.312), Yiyang city (1.302), Loudi city (1.224), Huaihua city (0.988), Shaoyang city (0.928), Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (0.926), Yongzhou city (0.890) and Zhangjiajie city (0.766), indicating that the quality of new urbanization in various urban areas of Hunan province was uneven. In order to effectively promote the improvement of the quality of new urbanization in Hunan province and the balanced development of various urban areas, we should promote the development of population urbanization, improve the economic level, promote the development of urban and rural integration, and improve the construction of ecological environment.
Key words:  new urbanization  indicator system  evaluation  Principal Component Analysis  Hunan province
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