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引用本文:胡家僖.环境意识、社会阶层及民族文化对云贵民族地区居民环境行为的影响[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(2):204~212
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环境意识、社会阶层及民族文化对云贵民族地区居民环境行为的影响
胡家僖
中山大学环境科学与工程学院,广东广州511400
摘要:
[目的]从实证的视角研究云贵民族地区环境意识、社会阶层以及民族文化对居民环境行为的影响,以期对现有的环境行为模型进行补充和完善以及为促进农村居民环境行为提供参考。[方法]利用在云贵民族地区收集到的355份统计问卷,构建了环境意识、社会阶层以及民族文化对环境行为的影响模型。结合相关性分析和回归分析探讨农村居民环境行为及其影响因素。[结果](1)民族文化对公民行为和消费行为具有显著正向影响;(2)社会阶层中的受教育程度对生态管理行为和消费行为均有显著正向作用,民族身份对生态管理行为和说服行为都有显著负影响,收入只对公民行为有显著正向影响;(3)环境意识中的环境问题认知和环境情感价值对于4种环境行为类型都有显著正向影响,环境保护态度对生态管理行为、公民行为和消费行为都有显著正向影响,而环境状况感知只对说服行为有显著正向影响。[结论]因此,提升农村教育水平、提高农村居民环境意识和复兴少数民族文化可以用来促进云贵民族地区农村居民环境行为。
关键词:  农村居民环境行为环境意识社会阶层民族文化民族地区
DOI:
分类号:F323;X322
基金项目:国家社科基金一般项目(15BMZ098)
INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS, SOCIAL CLASS AND NATIONAL CULTURE ON DWELLERS′ ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIORS IN ETHNIC AREAS OF YUNNAN AND GUIZHOU PROVINCE
Hu Jiaxi
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Sun YatSen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 511400, China
Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of environmental awareness, social class and national culture on dwellers′ environmental behavior in ethnic areas of Yunnan and Guizhou province, aiming to provide reference to promote rural residents′ environmental behavior and improve the exist model of environmental behavior. This study established a influential model which was supported by the survey data of 355 rural dwellers in ethnic areas of Yunnan and Guizhou province. And correlation analysis and regression analysis were assumed to examine dwellers′ environmental behaviors and their influencing factors. The empirical results showed: national culture had a significant positive impact on citizen behavior and consumption behavior; in social class, the degree of education positively affected ecological management behavior and consumption behavior, national identity negatively affected ecological management behavior and persuasion behavior and while income only had a significant positive impact on citizen behavior; Environmental problem cognition and environmental emotional value had significant positive effects on four types of environmental behavior, environmental protection attitude had a significant positive impact on ecological management behavior, citizen behavior and consumption behavior while environmental perception only had a significant positive impact on persuasion behavior. Therefore, three pathways of enhancing the level of rural education, raising rural residents′ environmental awareness and revitalizing national culture can be assumed to promote rural residents′ environmental behavior in ethnic areas of Yunnan and Guizhou province.
Key words:  rural residents′ environmental behavior  environmental awareness  social class  national culture  ethnic areas
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