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引用本文:鲁春阳,周彦兵,李玥,张宏敏,李会杰,赵占辉.重庆市城市建设用地扩张与经济发展关联测度[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(3):161~168
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重庆市城市建设用地扩张与经济发展关联测度
鲁春阳1,2※周彦兵1李玥3张宏敏1李会杰1赵占辉1
1.河南城建学院,平顶山467036; 2.东华理工大学测绘工程学院,江西南昌330013; 3.重庆大学管理科学与房地产学院,重庆400045
摘要:
[目的]为探求重庆市城市建设用地扩张与经济发展之间的关系,采用1997—2016年城市建设用地与经济发展数据,分析两者之间的动态关系,为重庆市合理确定城市发展边界,提升经济发展质量提供参考。[方法]采用协整检验、Granger因果检验和脉冲响应等计量分析方法分析重庆市城市建设用地扩张与经济发展之间的关联。[结果](1)城市建设用地扩张呈正异速增长类型,城市各功能性用地扩张具有明显的不均衡性,居住用地、工业用地和道路广场用地是城市建设用地扩张的主体。(2)城市建设用地扩张和经济发展存在长期均衡关系,两者呈同质性变化特征。(3)GDP在滞后1、2阶时,在90%、99%的置信水平下,经济发展是城市建设用地扩张的Granger原因; 但城市建设用地是GDP增长的Granger原因并不明显,说明盲目地增加城市建设用地供给并不一定促进经济发展。(4)经济发展主要受自身波动的影响,短期内城市建设用地扩张对经济发展的贡献呈上升趋势,但增幅不大。经济发展对城市建设用地扩张的作用明显, 90%以上的城市用建设用地扩张在经济发展波动中得到解释。[结论]城市建设用地扩展对经济发展的贡献度有限,但经济发展是推动城市建设用地扩张的主要因素。未来应深化经济发展与城市空间关联的研究,制定差别化的城市建设用地扩张管控政策。
关键词:  城市建设用地经济发展协整检验Granger因果检验脉冲响应重庆市
DOI:
分类号:F30124
基金项目:河南省科技厅项目“藏粮于地战略下河南省耕地轮作休耕关键技术研究”(192102310266); 河南省科技厅项目“基于问题导向的河南省新型城镇化风险识别与防控研究”(172400410290); 河南省政府决策咨询项目“河南农民闲置宅基地”三权“分置研究”(2018B221); 河南城建学院学术技术带头人资助项目(YCJXSJSDTR201803)
CORRELATION MEASURE BETWEEN URBAN CONSTRUCTION LAND EXPANSION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN CHONGQING
Lu Chunyang1,2※, Zhou Yanbing1, Li Yue3, Zhang Hongmin1, Li Huijie1, Zhao Zhanhui1
1.Henan University of Urban Construction, Pingdingshan, Henan 467036, China;2. Faculty of Geomatics, East China Institute of Technology, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330013, China;3. Chongqing University School, Management Science and Real Estate All Rights Reserved, Chongqing 400045, China
Abstract:
In order to explore the relationship between urban construction land expansion and economic development in Chongqing, the data of urban construction land and economic development from 1997 to 2016 were used to analyze the dynamic relationship between the two, and determine the urban development boundary for Chongqing, which could provide reference for improving the quality of economic development. The correlation analysis between urban construction land expansion and economic development in Chongqing was analyzed by means of co integration test, Granger causality test and impulse response. The results were showed as follows. The expansion of urban construction land was a type of positive allometric growth. The expansion of urban functional land use had obvious imbalance. The land for residential land, industrial land and road square was the main body of urban construction land expansion. There was a long term equilibrium relationship between urban construction land expansion and economic development, and the two were characterized by homogeneity. When GDP was lagging at the 1st and 2nd levels, at 90% and 99% confidence level, economic development was the Granger cause of urban construction land expansion; but the urban construction land was the GDP growth of the Granger reason was not obvious, indicating blindness increasing the supply of urban construction land did not necessarily promote economic development. Economic development was mainly affected by its own fluctuations. In the short term, the contribution of urban construction land expansion to economic development is on the rise, but the growth rate was not large. The role of economic development in the expansion of urban construction land was obvious. More than 90% of urban construction land expansion was explained in the fluctuation of economic development. The contribution of urban construction land expansion to economic development is limited, but economic development is the main factor driving the expansion of urban construction land. In the future, we should deepen the study of economic development and urban spatial correlation, and formulate differentiated policies for urban construction land expansion and control.
Key words:  urban construction land  economic development  cointegration test  Granger causality test  impulse response  Chongqing
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