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引用本文:张军以,周奉,苏维词,王腊春.西南喀斯特峰丛洼地区农业现代化转型发展模式研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(5):57~64
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西南喀斯特峰丛洼地区农业现代化转型发展模式研究
张军以1,2※周奉3苏维词1,2王腊春4
1.重庆师范大学地理与旅游学院,重庆401331; 2.重庆师范大学三峡库区地表过程与环境遥感重庆市重点实验室,重庆401331; 3.重庆师范大学涉外商贸学院管理学院,重庆401520; 4.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏南京210023
摘要:
[目的]基于西南喀斯特峰丛洼地区农业环境及农业发展基本情况,从农业生产组织形式创新为切入点,提出未来区域农业现代化发展转型模式。[方法]立足对区域农村、农业发展环境、农业现代化发展基本模式、农户农业生产行为和现阶段主要农业发展现状进行对比分析,解析现有农业现代化转型存在的问题,总结提出了企业式农场经营模式、农业经营联合体模式、农民专业合作社模式及股份制农业合作社模式等农业发展模式,并分析了其适应性。[结果]认为以农户为基本组成单位的农业合作社及股份制农业合作社发展模式,是最适宜西南喀斯特峰丛洼地区农业现代化转型发展,具有良好的发展潜力及推广前景。[结论]西南喀斯特峰丛洼地区农业现代化转型发展的关键是使农业更好地融于城市经济,充分分享经济建设成果,形成内在的可持续发展能力,应注重从完善保障制度建设;创新农村土地利用和管理体制;保障农户权益,留住农业利润,强化农业内在发展能力建设;建立跨流域生态补偿机制,多方面增加农业投入等方面提供支持。
关键词:  农业现代化转型模式农户农业生产组织形式西南喀斯特峰丛洼地
DOI:
分类号:F327
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题“喀斯特高原石漠化综合治理与山地旅游产业技术与示范”(2016YFC0502606);国家自然科学基金项目“乡村重构背景下三峡库区农户生计转型的耕地利用响应机制研究”(41901214);2018年重庆市社会科学规划重点项目“精准扶贫背景下三峡库区农户生计模式选择研究”(2018ZD10);重庆市自然科学基金面上项目“生态约束下的三峡库区贫困农户生计可持续评价及调控研究”(cstc2018jcyjAX0736);重庆市教委科学技术研究青年项目“乡村振兴背景下三峡库区贫困农户生计转型及长效机制研究”(KJQN201800511); “三峡库区(重庆)全域旅游与精准扶贫的耦合路径研究”(KJQN201803303);重庆市教委人文社科研究项目“乡村振兴战略下脱贫农户后续可持续生计发展模式研究”(19KGH026);重庆市教委人文社科重点项目“重庆市景观格局与流动人口互馈关系实证研究”(17SKG028);重庆师范大学青年拔尖人才培育计划(第四批)(00572017)
STUDY ON THE MODE OF AGRICULTURAL MODERNIZATION TRANSFORMATIONAND DEVELOPMENT OF KARST PEAK CLUSTER DEPRESSION IN SOUTHWEST CHINA*
Zhang Junyi1,2※, Zhou Feng3, Su Weici1,2, Wang Lachun4
1. School of Geography and Tourism, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China;2. Chongqing Key Laboratory of Surface Process and Environment Remote Sensing in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China; 3. School of Management, Foreign Trade & Business College, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401520, China; 4. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China
Abstract:
Based on the basic situation of agricultural production environment and agricultural production development in the karst peak cluster depression region of Southwest China, this research puts forward the transformation mode of regional agricultural modernization in the future from the perspective of the innovation of agricultural production organization form.Based on the regional rural, agricultural development environment, basic mode of agricultural modernization, farmers behavior of agricultural production and agricultural development situation, this research compared and analyzed the current existing problems of agricultural modernization transformation, summarized the mode of farm management, business association mode of agriculture and farmers′ professional co operatives mode and the share holding agricultural cooperative agricultural development pattern, and so on. Then it analyzed their adaptability. It was considered that the development mode of agricultural cooperative and joint stock agricultural cooperative with farmer as the basic unit was the most suitable for the transformation pattern of agricultural modernization in the karst peak cluster depression region of Southwest China and it had a good development potential and promotion prospects. Overall, it is well adapted to the natural ecological environment and rural agricultural production pattern in the southwest karst region, and is one of the easiest ways to realize the transformation of agricultural modernization. The key to the transformation and development of agricultural modernization is to integrate agriculture into urban economy, fully share the achievements of economic construction, and form the inherent sustainable development ability. In addition, we should improve the construction of guarantee system of rural land use, innovate the system of rural land use and management, strengthen the construction of internal development capacity of agriculture form protecting farmers′ rights and interests and leave profits in agricultural production prepress. And we should establish an inter basin ecological compensation mechanism and provide support for increasing agricultural investment in many ways in the karst peak cluster depression region of Southwest China.
Key words:  agricultural modernization  transformation mode  farmer  organization of agricultural production  peak cluster depression
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