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引用本文:何琼峰,宁志中.乡村旅游扶贫中农户参与的影响因素与内在机理*——基于扎根理论的湖南凤凰县案例研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(5):278~285
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乡村旅游扶贫中农户参与的影响因素与内在机理*——基于扎根理论的湖南凤凰县案例研究
何琼峰1,2宁志中1※
1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101; 2.中国旅游研究院,北京100005
摘要:
[目的]乡村旅游扶贫是推动贫困地区乡村振兴的重要途径,当前,旅游扶贫工作已进入精准施策、深入攻坚的关键时期,研究农户参与旅游扶贫的影响因素,对于提高旅游扶贫效果,保障乡村旅游的益贫性具有重要意义。[方法]基于湖南省凤凰县14个自然村349份农户访谈数据,利用扎根理论方法的开放性编码、选择性编码和理论性编码三重过程,分析农户参与乡村旅游扶贫的影响因素与内在机理。[结果]村民对乡村旅游发展存在核心诉求和主要期待,可构建“资源和市场—政策和环境—农户参与—精准扶贫”4个维度的农户参与乡村旅游扶贫概念模型,据此识别农户参与乡村旅游扶贫的影响因素与内在机理。[结论]贫困地区宜进一步重视旅游开发所带来的整体扶贫效益,夯实贫困地区旅游发展的政策和环境、资源和市场等综合环境,有效提升农户参与能力和获得感。
关键词:  乡村旅游扶贫农户参与影响因素扎根理论湖南省凤凰县
DOI:
分类号:F592
基金项目:国家自然科学基金“农户可持续生计视角下我国乡村旅游精准扶贫研究”(41501193)
INFLUENCING FACTORS AND INTERNAL MECHANISMS OF FARMER PARTICIPATION IN RURAL TOURISM ELIMINATING POVERTY*——A CASE STUDY OF FENGHUANG COUNTY, HUNAN PROVINCE
He Qiongfeng1,2, Ning Zhizhong1※
1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China;2. China Tourism Academy,Beijing 100005,China
Abstract:
The rural tourism poverty alleviation is an important way to promote rural vitalization in poverty stricken areas. Currently, the process of tourism poverty alleviation has entered a key period of implementing policies precisely and confronting difficulties deeply. To study the influencing factors of farmers′ participation in tourism poverty alleviation is of great significance for improving the effect of tourism poverty alleviation and ensuring the benefit of rural tourism. We conducted an in depth interview of 349 farmers who generally locate evenly in 14 villages in Fenghuang county, Hunan province. The distribution of their situations, including age, household size, education level, health condition and occupation were reasonable, which could fully represent the overall situation of the study sample. On this basis, we adopted the three fold process of the Grounded Theory i.e. open coding, selective coding and theoretical coding, to analyze the influencing factors and internal mechanisms of farmer participation in rural tourism poverty alleviation. The study systematically analyzed farmers′ core demands and main expectations to rural tourism development, built a four dimension conceptual model of farmer participation in rural tourism poverty alleviation that involved four dimensions i.e. "resource and market, policy and environment, farmer participation and targeted poverty alleviation", and then, the influencing factors and internal mechanisms of farmer participation in rural tourism poverty alleviation were explored. In summary, we should pay more attention to the overall poverty alleviation benefits brought by tourism development, consolidate the comprehensive environment of tourism development policies and environment, resources and market, and effectively enhance the farmers′ participation ability and their sense of acquisition in developing tourism.
Key words:  rural tourism eliminating poverty  farmer participation  influencing factors  grounded theory  Fenghuang county,Hunan province
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