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引用本文:陈金兰,胡继连.粮食生产类家庭农场获利能力分析*——以山东省70个家庭农场样本为例[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(7):31~39
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粮食生产类家庭农场获利能力分析*——以山东省70个家庭农场样本为例
陈金兰1胡继连1,2※
1.山东农业大学经济管理学院,泰安271018;2.山东农业大学马克思主义学院/经济管理学院,泰安271018
摘要:
[目的]明确农业规模化生产的获利途径,提出具有针对性的政策建议以促进农业现代化发展。[方法]利用山东省70个家庭农场样本的调查数据,采用对比分析的方法,剖析在高地租和高雇工成本条件下规模化种粮大户的获利问题。[结果]从所选取的12地市70个具有代表性的粮食种植家庭农场与粮食生产农户平均投入产出进行对比分析,发现家庭农场粮食生产土地投入占总投入的4427%,家庭农场即便要比平均水平多支付092万元/hm2的土地租赁费用,仍然可以获得高于平均水平08万元/hm2的收益。因雇工价格上升较快以及机械技术的发展,为降低成本提高经营效率,单位面积内家庭农场与平均水平相比减少了75%的劳动投入量。数据分析表明,农场获得较高利润的原因主要是生产规模的扩大获得了规模效益,表现在机器代替活劳动、要素节约、市场优惠、生产要素配合率以及政策受益等方面家庭农场优势明显。[结论]为了实现增加农民收入和资源节约等目标,应引导农业加快规模化进程。因此,提出了提高机械化水平、规范土地流转市场建设、完善农业社会化服务体系建设、加强监督等政策建议。
关键词:  规模化地租家庭农场成本收益要素节约
DOI:
分类号:F327; F321
基金项目:教育部人文社科规划基金项目“代际传承视角下内生性家庭农场发展研究:基于鲁皖两省的实证”(20YJA790064)
ANALYSIS ON PROFITABLILITY OF GRAIN PRODUCTION FAMILY FARMS*——A CASE STUDY OF 70 FAMILY FARMS IN SHANDONG PROVINCE
Chen Jinlan1, Hu Jilian1,2※
1.School of Economics and Management, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai′an, Shandong 271018, China;2.School of Marxism/School of Economics and Management, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai′an, Shandong 271018, China
Abstract:
It is of great significance to clarify the profitable ways of large scale agricultural production, and to propose targeted policy recommendations accordingly. Using the survey data of 70 family farms in Shandong province, the method of comparative analysis was used to analyze the profitability of large scale grain growing households under the conditions of high land rent and high employment costs. Comparing and analyzing the average input and output of 70 representative grain growing family farms and food production farmers in the selected 12 cities, it was found that the household farm food production land input accounted for 44.27% of the total investment, even if the family farms were more than average. More than 0.92 million yuan / hm2 of land lease fees, they could still get more than the average level of 0.8 million / hm2. Due to the rapid increase in the price of employees and the development of mechanical technology, in order to reduce costs and improve operational efficiency, family farms per unit area had reduced labor input by 75% compared with the average. The data analysis showed that the reason for the higher profit of the farm was that the expansion of the production scale had achieved economies of scale. The performance of the family farm was obvious in terms of the machine instead of living labor, factor saving, market concessions, production factor cooperation rate and policy benefits. So, in order to achieve the goals of increasing farmers′ income and resource conservation, future policies should guide agriculture to accelerate the process of scale. Therefore, it puts forward policy recommendations for improving the level of mechanization, standardizing the construction of land transfer market, improving the construction of agricultural socialized service system, and strengthening supervision.
Key words:  large scale  land rent  family farm  cost benefits  resource saving
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