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引用本文:朱立志,方静.西北特色农牧业可持续发展探讨*——以阿拉善盟为例[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(7):51~56
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西北特色农牧业可持续发展探讨*——以阿拉善盟为例
朱立志, 方静
中国农业科学院农业经济与发展研究所,北京100081
摘要:
[目的]发展西北特色农牧业,充分利用当地特殊资源条件,增强西北农牧业综合生产能力,提高西北农牧业可持续发展水平。[方法]文章对西部农牧业整体分析和阿拉善盟特色农牧资源开发案例剖析。[结果]西北特色农牧业可持续发展亟需从模式创新、产业创新、体系创新以及完善理论和方法上寻找突破口,合理谋划应对方略。[结论]西北特色农牧业在发展过程中要通过发展高效生态科技构建以生物农牧业和物理农牧业为主体的现代生态农牧业模式,按照资源节约型、环境友好型、生态保育型“三型农牧业”发展要求,形成动静脉产业联合体,创新农牧业产业可持续发展方式。
关键词:  特色农牧业沙产业生物农牧业物理农牧业现代生态农牧业
DOI:
分类号:F3263
基金项目:中国农业科学院科技创新工程项目(ASTIP IAED 2020 01); 中国农业科学院协同创新项目“新时期国家粮食安全战略研究”(CAAS ZDRW202012); 农业农村部休闲农业重点实验室项目
DISCUSSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF FEATURED AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY IN NORTHWEST CHINA*——TAKING ALASHAN AS AN EXAMPLE
Zhu Lizhi, Fang Jing
Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
Develop northwest agriculture and animal husbandry, make full use of local special resource conditions, enhance the comprehensive production capacity of northwest agriculture and animal husbandry, and improve the level of sustainable development of northwest agriculture and animal husbandry. An overall analysis of featured agriculture and animal husbandry in the west and a case study of development of special agricultural and pastoral resources in Alxa League were made. The sustainable development of Northwest agriculture and animal husbandry urgently needed to find breakthroughs in model innovation, industrial innovation, system innovation, and improvement of theories and methods, and rationally plan coping strategies. In the development process of northwest featured agriculture and animal husbandry, through the development of efficient ecological technology, a modern ecological agriculture and animal husbandry model with biological and physical agriculture and animal husbandry as the mainstay should be established. In accordance with the resource saving, environment friendly, and ecological conservation type "three types of agriculture and animal husbandry" development requirements, an arteriovenous industry consortium is formed to innovate the sustainable development of agriculture and animal husbandry industries.
Key words:  featured agriculture and animal husbandry  sand industry  biological agriculture and animal husbandry  physical agriculture and animal husbandry  modern ecological agriculture and animal husbandry
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