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引用本文:韩勇,武艳青,崔丽慧,高军波.空间关联视域下河南省农民工返乡创业外部环境评价研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(7):207~215
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空间关联视域下河南省农民工返乡创业外部环境评价研究
韩勇, 武艳青, 崔丽慧, 高军波
信阳师范学院精准扶贫与乡村振兴软科学研究基地/信阳发展研究院,河南信阳464000
摘要:
[目的]鼓励农民工返乡创业是实施乡村振兴战略的根本措施之一,良好的外部环境为农民工返乡创业发展提供了际遇。以河南省为研究对象,展开对农民工返乡创业外部环境的综合评价。[方法]基于人口省内流动的前提条件,依据“就地就近就业”的基本原则,即承认外部资源在局部范围内可共享,运用空间自相关分析法探索外部环境在县域、市域和省域三级尺度下的空间关联变化,剖析农民工的潜在流动趋势,运用地理加权回归解释各类型因子影响程度的空间分异特征。[结果]河南省农民工返乡创业外部环境随尺度增大,集聚程度减弱,局部关联性增强; 基本形成以郑州、开封和洛阳东西一线的两个内向引力区和豫南地区的两个外向扩散区。经济、生活、劳动力和基础设施4类制约因素影响程度空间分异特征明显。[结论]为省域层面和农民工返乡创业试点县外部环境分类优化提供了科学依据。
关键词:  返乡创业外部环境空间关联评价河南省
DOI:
分类号:K9013
基金项目:国家自然科学联合基金项目“脱贫攻坚驱动下摘帽贫困县乡村转型发展响应机制与优化模式研究——以河南省为例”(U1904125); 教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目“不同地理环境下农户脱贫机理对比及可持续生计模式选择研究”(18YJA840003)
STUDY ON EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT EVALUATION OF STARTING A BUSINESS BY RETURNING HOME FOR RURAL MIGRANT WORKERS IN HENAN PROVINCE FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF SPATIAL ASSOCIATION
Han Yong, Wu Yanqing, Cui Lihui, Gao Junbo
The Center of Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Rural Revitalization/Xinyang Development Institute, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, Henan 464000, China
Abstract:
It is the basic guarantee for implementing the strategy of rural revitalization that encouraging migrant workers to return to their hometowns. Advantageous working and living environment provides an opportunity for the rural workers to start a business or work. Taking Henan province as the research object, a comprehensive evaluation aimed at the external environment to start a business for migrant workers is launched. According to the basic principle of local employment that external resources can be shared nearest local area and taking the preconditions of the mobility within the province into account, the characteristics of spatial correlation changes of the external environment at the county, city and provincial levels respectively was explored by using the spatial auto correlation analysis method, in order to analyze the potential flow trends of migrant workers. And then, the spatial differentiation characteristics of the impact degree for each type of factors is explained by using the methods of geographically weighted regression. The results showed that with the increasing of spatial scale, the degree of agglomeration for external environment was weakened and the local correlation was enhanced in Henan province. Two inward gravitational zones along Zhengzhou Kaifeng Luoyang cities from east to west and two outward diffusion zones in southern Henan were typical spatial region features. The four types of constraints of economy, life, labor and infrastructure had obvious spatial differentiation characteristics. The results provide a scientific basis for the optimization of the external environment under the classification guidelines from the provincial level, especially for pilot counties.
Key words:  starting a business by returning home  external environment  spatial association  evaluation  Henan province
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