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引用本文:刘强,胡旭,李晓.贫困地区农业科技需求影响因素分析*——基于四川省贫困地区农户的调查数据[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(9):112~118
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贫困地区农业科技需求影响因素分析*——基于四川省贫困地区农户的调查数据
刘强, 胡旭, 李晓
四川省农业科学院农业信息与农村经济研究所,成都610066
摘要:
[目的]发展产业是实现脱贫的根本之策,农业科技是支撑贫困地区产业发展的源动力。当前,贫困地区农业科技转化率和贡献率均较低,农业科技推广受到诸多因素制约,文章基于农户角度进行研究,致力于提出促进贫困地区农民农业科技需求的建议。[方法]文章以四川省贫困地区实地调查数据,通过对贫困地区农户优良种子和种畜需求、栽培和养殖技术需求、生产组织方式和模式需求、适用新机械新装备需求、精深加工技术需求的影响因子开展二元Logistic回归分析。[结果]家庭劳动力情况、家庭收入情况、是否加入合作社、是否接受过农业科技指导和培训是当前贫困地区农民农业科技需求的主要影响因素。[结论]根据分析结果,提出大力发展贫困地区优势特色产业,留住和吸引农业生产经营人才; 加大科技扶贫投入力度,破解农业科技需求的恶性循环; 加快提升农民专合组织能力,提高合作社辐射带动能力; 不断加大农业科技培训力度,提高农民科技素质等建议。
关键词:  贫困地区农业科技需求影响因素四川
DOI:
分类号:F323
基金项目:四川省财政创新能力提升工程支持项目“新常态下四川农业科技扶贫模式研究”(2016GYSH 005)
ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCING FACTORS OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEMAND IN POOR AREAS*——BASED ON THE SURVEY DATA OF FARMERS IN POOR AREAS OF SICHUAN
Liu Qiang, Hu Xu, Li Xiao
Institute of Agricultural Information and Rural Economy, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066, Sichuan, China
Abstract:
Developing industry is the fundamental policy to get rid of poverty, and agricultural science and technology is the source power to support the industrial development in poor areas. At present, the transformation rate and contribution rate of agricultural science and technology in poor areas are low. Agricultural science and technology popularization is restricted by many factors. From the perspective of farmers, this paper is intended to put forward suggestions to promote farmers′ demand for agricultural science and technology in poverty stricken areas. Based on the field survey data of poor areas in Sichuan province, this paper carried out a binary logistic regression analysis on the influencing factors of farmers′ demand for fine seeds and livestock, cultivation and breeding technology, production organization and mode, new machinery and equipment, and intensive processing technology in poverty stricken areas. The study concluded that family labor force, family income, whether to join cooperatives, whether to receive guidance and training in agricultural science and technology were the main influencing factors for agricultural science and technology in poverty stricken areas. According to the results, it is suggested that we should vigorously develop the advantageous characteristic industries in poverty stricken areas, retain and attract agricultural production and management talents, constantly strengthen the training of agricultural science and technology, improve the quality of farmers′ agricultural science and technology, accelerate the promotion of the ability of farmers′ exclusive organization and improve the radiation driving ability of cooperatives.
Key words:  poverty stricken areas  agriculture  science and technology demand  influencing factors  Sichuan
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