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引用本文:陈俭,侯长林,陈治国,龙安华.“乡村振兴”背景下贵州省农村居民消费结构研究*——基于LA-AIDS模型的实证分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(9):119~127
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“乡村振兴”背景下贵州省农村居民消费结构研究*——基于LA-AIDS模型的实证分析
陈俭1,2侯长林2陈治国3※龙安华1
1.铜仁学院经济管理学院,贵州铜仁554300; 2.铜仁市文化科技产业创新研究中心,贵州铜仁554300; 3.咸阳师范学院经济与管理学院,陕西咸阳712000
摘要:
[目的]优化农村消费结构,进一步释放农村消费潜能以发挥消费对经济增长的基础性作用,对乡村振兴战略深入推进和缩小地区发展差距等方面均有重要意义,在对贵州省农村居民消费结构变化趋势特征分析基础上,实证研究其农村居民消费结构,并提出相关政策建议。[方法]文章基于1978—2016年贵州省农村居民8类产品消费额及消费价格指数,运用LA-AIDS模型,采用ITSUR估计法和希克斯弹性测算方法对贵州省农村居民消费结构进行分析。[结果]现阶段,贵州省农村居民消费结构由生存型向发展型和享受型过渡,但生存型占比仍较高; 除食品外,各类消费品均富有收入弹性,其中以交通和通讯及文教娱乐这2类最为突出,系数值分别达1897和1571; 食品、衣着、居住、家庭设备和医疗保健5类消费品为生活必需品,交通和通讯及文教娱乐这2类为奢侈品; 食品、文教娱乐和居住这3类消费品价格变化对其他商品消费量影响较大,其中食品、文教娱乐更多存在替代效应,而居住则更多存在挤出效应。[结论]贵州省农村居民消费结构有待进一步优化,需紧紧围绕提高农村居民收入水平这一关键,多措施并举加以促进。
关键词:  乡村振兴贵州农村居民消费结构LA-AIDS模型
DOI:
分类号:F327; F0632
基金项目:中国博士后基金项目“中国与东盟农业经贸合作模式优化及共享式增长研究”(2017M613004); 贵州省本科教学改革工程项目“基于卓越农林人才培养的实践教学模块化改革研究”(2016SJJGXM004); 铜仁学院博士科研启动项目“武陵山连片特困区扶贫开发研究”(trxyDF1404)
STUDY ON RURAL RESIDENTS CONSUMPTION STRUCTURE OF GUIZHOU PROVINCE IN THE CONTEXT OF RURAL REVITALIZATION*——EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS BASED ON THE LA AIDS MODEL
Chen Jian1,2, Hou Changlin2, Chen Zhiguo3※, Long Anhua1
1. School of Economics and Management, Tongren University, Tongren 554300, Guizhou, China; 2. Tongren Culture and Technology Industry Innovation Research Center, Tongren 554300, Guizhou, China;3. College of Economics and Management, Xianyang Normal University, Xianyang 712000, Shaanxi, China
Abstract:
Optimizing rural consumption structure, releasing rural consumption potential further that give play to the basic role of consumption in economic growth, which exerts great significance to promote and narrow the regional development gap in the rural revitalization strategy. The related policies are given based on the analysis of the variation tendency feature of rural residents′ consumption structure in Guizhou province. Based on the LA AIDS model, the consumption structure of rural residents in Guizhou province was analyzed by application of ITSUR estimation and the Hicks elastic calculation method. The results were showed as followed. At present, the consumption structure of rural residents had varied from survival type to development type as well as enjoyment type. However, the proportion of survival type was rather higher than others. All kinds of consumer goods were rich in income elasticity except food category, in which traffic and communication, education and entertainment were the two most prominent categories. The coefficient values was 1.897 and 1.571,respectively. 5 sorts of consumer goods were the necessities of daily life which including the food consumption goods, clothing consumption goods, housing consumption goods, household equipment consumption goods and health care consumption goods. Meanwhile, the transportation and communications consumption goods, cultural and educational entertainment consumption goods were luxury goods. The price changes of food consumption goods, cultural and educational entertainment consumption goods and housing consumption goods had a great impact on the consumption of other commodities. Among them, there were more substitution effects in food consumption goods, cultural and educational entertainment consumption goods, while housing consumption goods had more crowding out effect. It shows that the income level of the residents need a further improvement and the consumption structure needs to be further optimized.
Key words:  rural revitalization  Guizhou  rural residents  consumption structure  LA AIDS model
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