• 首页 | 主办单位 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 作者指南 | 刊物订阅 | 下载中心 | 联系我们 | English | 期刊界
引用本文:张有智,解文欢,吴黎,刘述彬.农业干旱灾害研究进展[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(9):182~188
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 26次   下载 13 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
农业干旱灾害研究进展
张有智1, 解文欢1, 吴黎1, 刘述彬2
1.黑龙江省农业科学院农业遥感与信息研究所,哈尔滨150086;2.黑龙江省农业科学院,哈尔滨150086
摘要:
[目的]文章阐述了基于不同数据源开展的农业干旱灾害研究,为明确农业干旱灾害研究的概况,便于把握农业干旱灾害研究的关键技术与问题。[方法]通过气象、遥感、统计3类数据,以使用数据源作为索引,对我国农业干旱灾害监测、评价及预警、灾害时空格局等内容进行分析。[结果]通过统计文献,了解农业干旱灾害研究的概况,分析农业干旱的基础和困境,明确国内农业干旱灾害的发展过程和最新进展,阐述未来农业干旱的研究重点。[结论]基于气象数据的农业干旱灾害研究最为系统,时间序列跨度长、空间分布范围广,在监测、预警、评价和格局分析等方面都有细致的研究; 基于遥感数据的农业干旱灾害研究主要以监测和灾害评价为主; 基于统计数据开展农业干旱灾害的研究主要集中在灾害损失评价方面; 基于多源数据的农业干旱灾害研究在逐渐增多,在监测、预警、评价等方面也有所突破。农业干旱研究的关键技术,以及研究的系统性、研究内容和发生机理等方面仍有待加强。
关键词:  干旱灾害干旱监测风险预警风险评估研究进展
DOI:
分类号:S423
基金项目:黑龙江省农业科学院“基于GF-1影像的主要农作物种植结构提取SVM算法研究”; 农业农村部“耕地轮作休耕遥感核查项目”
RESEARCH PROGRESS ON AGRICULTURE DROUGHT DISASTER
Zhang Youzhi1, Xie Wenhuan1, Wu Li1, Liu Shubin2
1.Institute of Agricultural Remote Sensing and Information, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang, China;2.Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang, China
Abstract:
This research describes the research of agricultural drought disaster, which is based on different data sources, in order to clarify the general situation of agricultural drought disaster study, and to grasp the key technology and problems of agricultural drought disaster study. Based on three kinds of data including meteorological data, remote sensing data and statistical data, and using data sources as indexes, this research analyzed the monitoring, evaluation and early warning of agricultural drought disasters and the spatial and temporal pattern of disasters in China. Through literature statistics, we understood the general situation of agricultural drought disaster study, analyzed the basis and dilemma of agricultural drought, clarified the development process and the latest progress of agricultural drought disaster in China, and elaborated the study focus of agricultural drought in the future. Agricultural drought disaster study based on meteorological data, which is the most systematic, with long time series and wide spatial distribution, and it also has detailed studies on monitoring, early warning, evaluation and pattern analysis. Agricultural drought disaster study based on remote sensing data, it mainly focuses on monitoring and disaster evaluation. The study on agricultural drought disaster based on statistical data was mainly focused on disaster loss evaluation. Agricultural drought disaster research based on multi source data increased gradually, and there were breakthroughs in monitoring, early warning, evaluation and so on. The key technologies of agricultural drought study, as well as the systematicness, contents and mechanism need to be strengthened.
Key words:  drought disaster  drought monitoring  risk warning  risk assessment  research progress
版权所有:  您是本站第    位访问者
主管单位:中华人民共和国农业部 主办单位:中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 中国农业资源与区划学会 地址:北京市中关村南大街12号
电话:010-82109647 82108697 电子邮件:quhuabjb@caas.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备11039015号