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引用本文:张晓莉,朱盈.新疆特色林果业产业兴旺水平评价[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(9):189~197
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新疆特色林果业产业兴旺水平评价
张晓莉, 朱盈
石河子大学经济与管理学院,新疆石河子832000
摘要:
[目的]产业兴旺是乡村振兴战略最为现实的体现,从产业兴旺视角去衡量新疆特色林果业发展,基于生产水平、产业链延伸水平、科技创新水平、多功能性水平、市场竞争水平5个维度构建指标体系。[方法]运用层次分析法和熵权法选取2004—2017年相关数据测度新疆特色林果业产业兴旺综合指数,并通过灰色关联法确定各子系统与整体产业兴旺水平的关联程度。[结果]新疆特色林果业产业兴旺水平整体呈稳步上升趋势; 各子系统与整体产业兴旺水平的关联程度表现为生产水平>多功能性水平>市场竞争水平>产业链延伸水平>科技创新水平; 在指标层中林果业加工贮藏保鲜企业数目居于主导,其次为年储存保鲜与加工处理能力、三品一标数目等; 目前新疆特色林果业产业兴旺短板具体为产业链延伸度纵向发展不足、科技创新能力较差、林果产业附加值较低、特色林果品牌化程度较弱。[结论]因此新疆特色林果业的兴旺发展应着重提升林果业生产效率、扩展与二、三产业的融合度、增强产业竞争力,以期实现真正意义上的产业兴旺。
关键词:  特色林果业产业兴旺指标体系AHP-熵权法灰色关联法
DOI:
分类号:F3262
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目:生态脆弱区农田林网生态工程效能增益研究——基于新疆的考察(71563041); 国家自然科学基金项目:新疆生态脆弱区农户退耕的响应追踪、行为调适与过程激励研究(71663043); 国家社科基金青年项目:新疆南疆三地州产业结构调整与促进稳定就业研究(15CMZ040)
EVALUATION ON THE PROSPERITY LEVEL OF XINJIANG′S CHARACTERISTIC FOREST AND FRUIT INDUSTRY
Zhang Xiaoli, Zhu Ying
School of Economics and Management,Shihezi University, Shihezi 832000, Xinjiang, China
Abstract:
Industrial prosperity is the most realistic adjustment and reflection of rural revitalization strategy. From the perspective of industrial prosperity, we will measure the development of Xinjiang′s characteristic forestry and fruit industry, and build an indicator system based on five dimensions: production level, industrial chain extension level, scientific and technological innovation level, versatility level and market competition level. The analytic hierarchy process and entropy weight method were used to select the relevant data from 2004 to 2017, and then measured the Xinjiang forestry industry prosperity index, and the correlation degree between each subsystem and the overall industry prosperity level was determined by the grey correlation method. The overall level of prosperity of Xinjiang′s characteristic forestry fruit industry showed a steady upward trend; the degree of correlation between each subsystem and the overall industrial prosperity level was as follows: production level> versatility level> market competition level> industrial chain extension level> technological innovation level; In the indicator layer, the number of processing and storage enterprises in the fruit and fruit industry was dominant, followed by the annual storage and processing capacity, and tthe number of three products and one standard. At present, the short term development of Xinjiang′s characteristic forestry and fruit industry was characterized by insufficient vertical development of industrial chain extension and technological innovation capability. The added value of the poor and forest fruit industry was low, and the branding of the special fruit trees was weak. Therefore, the flourishing development of Xinjiang′s characteristic forestry fruit industry should focus on improving the production efficiency of forestry fruit industry, expanding the integration degree with the secondary and tertiary industries, and enhancing the industrial competitiveness, so as to achieve real prosperity in the industry.
Key words:  characteristic forest and fruit industry  industrial prosperity  index system  AHP entropy weight method  grey correlation method
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