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引用本文:翟涛,闫履鑫,徐杭,李萍.我国农产品对外贸易发展区际差异及影响因素研究[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(11):6~14
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我国农产品对外贸易发展区际差异及影响因素研究
翟涛1, 闫履鑫2, 徐杭1, 李萍1
1.东北农业大学经济管理学院,黑龙江哈尔滨150030;2.东北财经大学管理科学与工程学院,辽宁大连116025
摘要:
[目的]文章利用统计年鉴和发展报告数据,研究我国农产品对外贸易发展区际差异,分析影响我国区域农产品对外贸易发展差异的因素,为我国农产品对外贸易区域协调发展提出对策建议。[方法]通过豪斯曼检验,选择固定效应模型,利用Stata151软件对影响我国农产品对外贸易发展区际差异的因素进行实证分析。[结果]我国农产品对外贸易总体规模不断扩大,各区际农产品进出口贸易额不断增加。山东省、广东省等东部地区是我国农产品进出口贸易大省,西藏自治区和青海省等西部地区农产品进出口贸易规模较小。东部地区农产品贸易额和增长速度明显快于中西部和东北地区。[结论]我国区际农产品对外贸易发展不均衡,地区之间发展差距较大,呈现出渐进向东部地区转移并相对稳定的空间演进态势。我国农产品对外贸易发展区际差异受地区经济发展水平、引进外资水平、科技投入水平和地区物流状况等因素影响。
关键词:  农产品对外贸易区际差异均衡发展影响因素固定效应模型
DOI:
分类号:F3299
基金项目:中央农办农业农村部乡村振兴专家咨询委员会软科学研究项目“乡村全面振兴背景下农业全要素生产率提升机制与实施路径研究”(RKX2019010A); 黑龙江省农垦经济研究所横向课题“中粮集团经营战略研究”(202007); 黑龙江省哲学社会科学规划项目“一带一路战略下中俄农业全产业链合作研究”(16JYD16); 黑龙江省哲学社会科学规划项目“黑龙江省农业生产性服务业与现代农业融合发展研究”(15JYE06); 东北农业大学现代农业经济发展研究中心规划课题“黑龙江省大豆产业振兴发展策略与实现路径研究”(2018MADC001)
STUDY ON THE INTER REGIONAL DIFFERENCES AND INFLUENCING FACTORS OF CHINA′S FOREIGN TRADE IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
Zhai Tao1, Yan lvxin2, Xu Hang1, Li Ping1
1.Economics and Management School,Northeast Agricultural University,Harbin 150030,Heilogjiang,China;2.Management Science and Engineering School,Dongbei University of Finance and Economics,Dalian 116025,Liaoning,China
Abstract:
Based on the data of statistical yearbook and development report, this paper studies the inter regional differences in the development of foreign trade of China′s agricultural products, analyzes the factors affecting the development of regional foreign trade of agricultural products in China, and puts forward countermeasures and suggestions for the coordinated development of foreign trade of agricultural products in China. Through Hausman test, the fixed effect model was selected, and the factors affecting the inter regional development differences of China′s agricultural products foreign trade were empirically analyzed with Stata15.1 software. The overall scale of China′s foreign trade of agricultural products was constantly expanding, and the inter regional import and export trade volume of agricultural products was constantly increasing. Shandong province, Guangdong and other eastern regions were major provinces in the import and export trade of agricultural products in China, while the western provinces such as Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai province had relatively small scale of agricultural import and export trade. The trade volume and growth rate of agricultural products in the eastern region were obviously faster than those in the central, western and northeastern regions. In summary, the development of foreign trade of inter regional agricultural products in China is not balanced, and there is a large gap between regions, showing a gradual shift to the eastern region and a relatively stable spatial evolution trend. The regional differences in the development of China′s foreign trade in agricultural products are influenced by the level of regional economic development, the level of foreign investment, the level of investment in science and technology and the status of regional logistics.
Key words:  foreign trade of agricultural products  inter regional differences  balanced development  influencing factor  fixed effect model
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