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引用本文:吴妍.湖北省农业现代化发展水平空间分异及类型[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(11):150~157
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湖北省农业现代化发展水平空间分异及类型
吴妍
作者单位
吴妍 文华学院城市建设工程学部湖北武汉430074 
摘要:
[目的]农业现代化事关我国全面建成小康社会的大局,探究其发展水平空间格局将对进一步加快我国农业现代化发展进程具有重要的指导意义。[方法]文章从农业投入水平、农业产出水平和农村可持续发展水平3个方面构建了包含16个指标在内的湖北省农业现代化发展水平评价指标体系,在市域尺度上,采用多指标综合分析法测算了2010年和2016年该省13个地级市和4个省直管单位的农业现代化发展水平评价值,并利用ArcGIS102软件探究其在空间上的分异特征。[结果](1)湖北省农业现代化综合发展水平评价值由2010年的0380,提高到2016年的0526,农业现代化水平由低水平阶段过渡到中等水平阶段,发展势头良好。(2)2016年相对2010年,各地区农业现代化发展水平均呈上升趋势,但各地区之间发展水平及发展速度存在一定差异,其中荆门市和襄阳市的评价分值明显高于其他地区,十堰市的评价分值最低。(3)湖北省农业现代化发展水平总体上呈现出“东部高西部低,北部高南部低”的趋势,农业现代化发展高的地区在中部平原地区,低水平的地区在西北部山地地区。[结论]湖北省农业现代化发展取得了一定的成效,但未来进步空间还很大,挖掘地区资源环境优势,不断提高农业现代化发展水平仍是现阶段农业发展的重要任务。
关键词:  农业现代化发展水平空间分异湖北可持续发展
DOI:
分类号:F3201
基金项目:
SPATIAL DIFFERENTIATION AND TYPES OF AGRICULTURE MODERNIZATION DEVELOPMENT LEVEL IN HUBEI PROVINCE
Wu Yan
Abstract:
Agricultural modernization is related to the overall situation of building a well off society in China, and exploring the spatial pattern of its development level have important guiding significance for further accelerating the development of China′s agricultural modernization. From the aspects of agricultural input level, agricultural output level and rural sustainable development level, the evaluation index system of agricultural modernization development level of Hubei province including 16 indicators was constructed. At the city scale, the multi index comprehensive analysis method was used to calculate the index system. In 2010 and 2016, the evaluation values of agricultural modernization development level of 13 prefecture level cities and 4 provincial direct administered units in the province were used to explore their spatial differentiation characteristics with ArcGIS 10.2 software. The evaluation value of the comprehensive development level of agricultural modernization in Hubei province had increased from 0.380 in 2010 to 0.526 in 2016. The level of agricultural modernization had shifted from a low level stage to a medium level stage, and the development momentum was good. In 2016, compared with 2010, the agricultural modernization development in various regions showed an upward trend, but there were some differences in the development level and development speed among different regions. The evaluation scores of Jingmen city and Fuyang city were significantly higher than those of other regions, and the evaluation score in Shiyan city was the lowest. The development level of agricultural modernization in Hubei province generally showed the trend of "high east and low west, high in the north and low in the south". The high level of agricultural modernization was distributed in the central plains and low in the mountainous areas in the northwest. The development of agricultural modernization in Hubei province has achieved certain results, but there is still a lot of room for improvement in the future. It is still an important task for agricultural development at this stage to explore the advantages of regional resources and environment, so as to improve the level of agricultural modernization.
Key words:  agricultural modernization  development level  spatial differentiation  Hubei  sustainable development
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