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引用本文:姚艳,徐田田,张雅婷,徐航,张远索.农村居民点整治中的土地发展权运作体系*——以宁波市余姚最良村村庄整治项目为例[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(11):209~217
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农村居民点整治中的土地发展权运作体系*——以宁波市余姚最良村村庄整治项目为例
姚艳1徐田田2张雅婷2徐航2张远索3※
1.农业农村部工程建设服务中心,北京100081; 2.中国人民大学公共管理学院,北京100872;3.北京联合大学应用文理学院,北京100191
摘要:
[目的]利用土地发展权理论分析农村居民点整治中城镇建设需求、耕地资源保护、区域均衡发展三大核心要素的运作机制,分析并优化农村居民点整治中的土地发展权运作体系。[方法]文章以土地发展权作为基础,通过对农村居民点整治中实现的要素均衡进行分析,从配置与转移两大角度建立了农村居民点整治中土地发展权理论框架,并以宁波市余姚最良村村庄整治项目为例分析了其中的发展权运作体系。[结果]土地发展权理论的引入能使耕地保护、城镇发展和区域均衡发展3个要素有效融合; 土地发展权的配置遵循先量化、总量再分配的过程,配置完成的发展权可通过转移的方式实现更高程度的利用; 发展权的理念已经在农村居民点整治中有所体现,实践中土地发展权的配置对象为土地指标和经济收益,并可在拆旧区、还建区和建新区内实现转移。[结论]未来农村居民点整治中应逐步融入土地发展权理念,通过赋予其法律地位,将其纳入规划体系,制定配套规则准则,引入市场机制等举措,完善土地发展权配置和转移体系。
关键词:  农村居民点整治土地发展权配置体系转移体系要素均衡
DOI:
分类号:F3011
基金项目:中国人民大学社科基金重大课题培育项目“集体土地全面实施三权分置研究”(2018-16); 北京市教育委员会“科学研究与研究生培养共建项目——重点学科建设”; 北京市属高校高水平教师队伍建设支持计划项目“京津冀农地经营权有序流转路径设计与保障机制研究”(CIT&TCD20180326)
THE OPERATION SYSTEM OF LAND DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS IN RURAL RESIDENTIAL AREA CONSOLIDATION*——A CASE STUDY OF THE CONSOLIDATION PROJECT OF ZUILIANG VILLAGE IN YUYAO, NINGBO
Yao Yan1, Xu Tiantian2, Zhang Yating2, Xu Hang2, Zhang Yuansuo3※
1. Center of Engineering and Construction Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100081, China;2. School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;3. College of Applied Arts and Science, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to use the theory of land development rights to analyze the operation mechanism of the three core elements of urban construction demand, cultivated land protection and regional balanced development in rural residential area consolidation on the one hand, and to analyze and optimize the operation system of land development rights in rural residential area consolidation on the other hand. Based on the land development rights, the theoretical framework of the land development rights in rural residential area consolidation was established from the two perspectives of allocation and transfer, and through the analysis of the balance of elements in the consolidation project of rural residential areas. The operation system of land development rights in the consolidation project of Zuiliang village inYuyao, Ningbo was taken as an example. The results showed that introducing the theory of land development rights could effectively integrate the three elements of cultivated land protection, urban development and regional balanced development; the allocation of land development rights followed the process of first quantification and then total amount redistribution, and the completed allocation of development rights could achieve a higher degree of utilization by means of transfer. So, the concept of development rights should embody in the renovation of rural residential areas. The allocation object of land development right in practice is land index and economic profits, which can be transferred in the demolition, redevelopment and new construction area.
Key words:  rural residential area renovation  land development right  allocation system  transfer system  balance of elements
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