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引用本文:刘慧,杨波,朱宁,赵一夫.民族地区巩固和扩大脱贫攻坚成果的影响因素分析*——基于内蒙古自治区兴安盟12个贫困嘎查(村)、209个贫困户的调查数据[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(12):84~91
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民族地区巩固和扩大脱贫攻坚成果的影响因素分析*——基于内蒙古自治区兴安盟12个贫困嘎查(村)、209个贫困户的调查数据
刘慧1, 杨波2, 朱宁1, 赵一夫1
1.中国农业科学院农业经济与发展研究所,北京100081;2.北京信息科技大学资产管理处,北京100192
摘要:
[目的]利用内蒙古自治区兴安盟科尔沁右翼中旗、科尔沁右翼前旗、扎赉特旗12个贫困嘎查(村)、209个贫困户的调查数据,分析民族地区巩固和扩大脱贫攻坚成果的影响因素及支撑条件。[方法]从产业扶贫的视角,选取代表性指标对产业发展、政策落实、新型经营主体带动、技术支撑这4个影响因素进行分析。[结果](1)到户扶贫产业全覆盖,其中,“菜单式”是最主要的扶贫产业模式,即贫困户结合自身实际、自愿选择适合的项目自主发展; (2)虽然到户扶贫产业资金全部落实,但是扶贫产业金融贷款支持政策覆盖率偏低,贫困户购买养殖业保险的比例也不高; (3)新型经营主体带动贫困户增收作用显著,一半以上的贫困户与新型经营主体建立了利益联结机制,但是旗与旗之间发展很不均衡; (4)贫困户普遍掌握牛、羊养殖技术,把牛、羊养殖作为扶贫主导产业具有较好的基础。[结论]应从加强扶贫产业后续管理、加强养殖业保险宣传、加强对新型经营主体扶持、完善健康扶贫政策和社会兜底保障政策等方面着手,支撑民族地区巩固和扩大脱贫攻坚成果。
关键词:  民族地区成果产业扶贫影响因素支撑条件
DOI:
分类号:F3278
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目“实施乡村振兴战略研究”(2019MZD009); 中国农业科学院科技创新工程(ASTIP-IAED-2020-04); 中国农业科学院基本科研业务费专项“脱贫攻坚与乡村振兴有机衔接政策研究”(Y2020ZK42); 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项“乡村振兴战略实施背景下产业发展与乡村治理统筹研究”(161005202003)
ANALYSIS ON FACTORS AFFECTING THE MINORITY REGIONS TO CONSOLIDATE AND EXPAND THE ACHIEVEMENTS MADE IN FIGHTING AGAINST POVERTY* ——BASED ON 12 POOR VILLAGES AND 209 POOR HOUSEHOLDS′ SURVEY OF XING′AN LEAGUE OF INNER MONGOLIA AUTONOMOUS REGION
Liu Hui1, Yang Bo2, Zhu Ning1, Zhao Yifu1
1.Institute of Agricultural Economics and development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081, China;2.Beijing Information Science and Technology University,Beijing 100192,China
Abstract:
Based on 12 poor villages and 209 poor households′ survey in Keerqingyouyizhongqi,Keerqingyouyiqianqi,Zhalaiteqi of Xing′an League of Inner Mongolia Autonomous region, this paper aims to analyze the factors affecting the minority regions to consolidate and expand the achievements made in fighting against poverty. From the perspective of industrial poverty alleviation, the representative indicators were selected to analyze the four influencing factors,including industrial development,policy implementation,new type of operating subject driving and technical support. The results were indicated as follows.(1)Poverty alleviation industries to households were fully covered and the "menu type" was the most important mode of poverty alleviation industry, that was, poor households voluntarily chose suitable projects to manage independently combining their own realities.(2)Although all the funds for poverty alleviation industries were implemented, the coverage rate of financial loan support policies was on the low and the proportion of buying breading industry insurance was not high.(3)More than half of the poor households had established the benefit linkage mechanism with new type of operating subjects,but the development between the regions was not well balanced.(4)Poor households generally mastered the breeding technology of cattle and sheep,which had a good basis as a leading industry for poverty alleviation. So, we should strengthen the follow up management of the industry for poverty alleviation, strengthen the propaganda of the insurance of the breeding industry, and strengthen the support for the new type of operating subjects,perfect the policy of helping the poor in health and the policy of social security,so as to support poor households to consolidate and expand the achievements made in fighting against poverty.
Key words:  minority regions  effect  industrial poverty alleviation  influencing factors  supporting conditions
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